Magnus Carlsen, 2008
|Full name||Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen|
#1 in January 2013 FIDE ratings list)
|Peak rating||2861 (January 2013)|
Magnus Carlsen (born Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen, 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and chess prodigy. He is the highest rated player in the world, and the highest rated player in the history of chess. His rating of 2861 is higher than even Kasparov achieved. Kasparov's highest rating was 2851.
On 26 April 2004, Carlsen became a grandmaster at the age of 13 years, 148 days. This made him the third youngest grandmaster in history. He played at the Nanjing Pearl Spring tournament in September–October 2009. This lifted him to an Elo rating of 2801. This made him second in the world. He is the fifth player to have a rating over 2800. He was 18 years old when he got this rating. This made him the youngest person to have a rating above 2800.
On 1 January 2010, the new FIDE rating list was published. He was 19 years and 32 days old when he became the youngest chess player in history to be ranked world number one. He broke the previous record held by Vladimir Kramnik.
When Magnus reached #4 in the world he reached an agreement with a public relations (PR) expert in early 2009. This arrangement has borne fruit. Magnus now has two sponsors, each of which provides 100,000 Euros a year. One is a stockbroker, the other a law firm. With this money, Magnus is able to travel, and spend time on training. His coach is Gary Kasparov, the former World chess champion.
In return for the sponsorship, Magnus wears the names of the sponsors on his jackets. This is called 'logo exposure'. He attends meetings, and gives talks. His image helps the companies to hire 'high achievers' to their staff. Put simply, companies of that type are keen to hire intelligent people. Magnus' overall business manager is his father, Henrik.
- ChessPro online. 
- Chessgames biography. 
- FIDE ratings of top players. 
- "Who is the strongest chess player?". Bill Wall. Chess.com. 2008. http://www.chess.com/article/view/who-is-the-strongest-chess-player. Retrieved 2 March 2009.
- It's official: Magnus Carlsen is number one!, Chessbase, accessed 02/01/2010
- The Prince of Chess, a movie about Magnus Carlsen. Directed by Øyvind Asbjørnsen 2005. 
- Fietz, Harold 2010. Failure is not an option. Chess, February 2010. Chess & Bridge Ltd, London.
Other websites [change]
- Magnus Carlsen on Chessgames.com