Marie Clotilde of France

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Marie Clotilde of France
Queen of Sardinia
Tenure 16 October 1796 – 7 March 1802
Spouse Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia
Full name
Marie Adélaïde Clotilde Xavière de France
House House of Bourbon
Father Louis, Dauphin of France
Mother Maria Josepha of Saxony
Born 23 September 1759(1759-09-23)
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 7 March 1802(1802-03-07) (aged 42)
Palazzo Colonna, Naples
Burial 11 March 1802
Church of Santa Caterina a Chiaia
Signature

Marie Clotilde of France (23 September 1759 – 7 March 1802) was Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Emmanuel IV. She was the sister of Louis XVI.

Life[change | change source]

Baptied as Marie Adélaïde Clotilde Xavière, she was born at Versailles and known as Madame Clotilde. She was a daughter of Louis, Dauphin of France, only son of Louis XV, and Maria Josepha of Saxony. Because she was overweight, Marie Clotilde was nicknamed Gros-Madame. She was raised with her sister Élisabeth.

Marriage[change | change source]

On 27 August 1775, Louis XVI had his sister Marie Clotilde married in Versailles to Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Piedmont, eldest son of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and of his wife Maria Antonia of Spain. Marie Clotilde had been taught Italian while at Versailles. In Savoy, jokes were made about her weight. Although the union was political, Marie Clotilde and Charles Emmanuel were devoted to each other. However they had no children.

In 1796, her husband became king. Marie Clotilde and her husband fled to Naples and lived as guests of the wealthy Colonna. Marie Clotilde died on 7 March 1802. Charles Emmanuel later abdicated on 4 June 1802 in favour of his younger brother, Victor Emmanuel. Marie Clotilde was buried in the Church of Santa Caterina a Chiaia in Naples.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[change | change source]

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 23 September 1759 – 27 August 1775 Her Royal Highness Marie Clotilde de France, Grand daughter of France
  • 27 August 1775 – 16 October 1796 Her Royal Highness The Princess of Piedmont
  • 16 October 1796 – 7 March 1802 Her Majesty The Queen of Sardinia

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Marie Clotilde of France at Wikimedia Commons