Pope Pius VII

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Pius VII
Papacy began 14 March 1800
Papacy ended 20 August 1823
Predecessor Pope Pius VI
Successor Pope Leo XII
Personal details
Birth name Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti
Born 14 August 1742(1742-08-14)
Died 20 August 1823(1823-08-20) (aged 81)

Other Popes named Pius

Pope Pius VII (Latin: Pius Septimus; 14 August 1742 – 20 August 1823), born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 252nd Pope from 14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Chiaramonti was born at Cesena, the son of Count Scipione Chiaramonti.[2] His mother, Giovanna was related to the Braschi family.

At the age of 16, he joined the Benedictine Order in 1756; and he was called Brother Gregory.[2]

Priest[change | edit source]

Chiaramonte was ordained on 21 September 1765.

Bishop[change | edit source]

In 1782, Pius VI made Brother Gregory Bishop of Tivoli, which is near Rome.[2] Later, he became the Bishop of Imola.[3]

Cardinal[change | edit source]

Pius VI raised Bishop Chiaramonte to the rank of Cardinal in 1785.[2] The see (titular church) of Cardinal Chiaramonte was the Basilica of St. Callistus.[4].

Pope[change | edit source]

Cardinal Chiaramonti was elected pope on March 14 1800; and he chose to be called Pius VII.[2] He appointed Ercole Consalvi as his Secretary of State.[5]

Pope Pius was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

Pius traveled from Rome to Paris to crown Napoleon as Emperor of the French in 1804.[3] Before leaving Rome, he signed abdication papers which would take effect if he were put in prison in France.[6] He was not put in prison; and he did not abdicate.[2]

After his death[change | edit source]

Pius VII's monument (1831) in St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, is by the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen.[3]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

The Coat of Arms of Pius VII
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Pope Pius VII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-27.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Pius VII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 18, pp. 201-203.
  4. Giga-Catholic Information (GCatholic), Pope Pius VII; retrieved 2011-11-01.
  5. "Pius VII," Encyclopedia Britannica (1911), Vols. 21-22, pp. 686-687.
  6. "Abdication," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2013-2-11.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Pius VII at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Pius VI
Pope
1800–1823
Succeeded by
Leo XII