Pope Benedict IX

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Benedict IX
Papacy began October 1032 (first term)
Papacy ended July 1048 (third term)
Predecessor Pope John XIX
Pope Sylvester III
Pope Clement II
Successor Pope Sylvester III
Pope Gregory VI
Pope Damasus II
Personal details
Birth name Teofilatto or Theophylactus
Born c. 1012
Died c. 1056

Other Popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict IX (Latin: Benedictus Nonus;c. 1012–1056), born Teofilatto or Theophylactus of Tusculum, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 146th Pope from 1032 to 1045.[1] He is listed as the 148th Pope in 1045.[1] Also, he was the 151st Pope in 1047-1048.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Teofilatto was born in Rome c. 1012. He was the son of Alberic III[2] of the noble Tusculum family.[3]

He was the nephew of both Pope Benedict VIII and Pope John XIX.[4]

Cardinal[change | change source]

John XIX raised Teofilatto to the rank of a cardinal; but the date is unknown.

Pope[change | change source]

In 1032, Alberic III used his money and influence to make his son the pope. This was called simony.[5] Pope Benedict chose his name in honor of his uncle, Benedict VIII.[6]

Benedict is usually recognized as having had three terms or reigns as pope

First term[change | change source]

Benedict's first period as pope lasted from 1032 to 1044 when a revolt in Rome forced Benedict out of the city;[7] and an antipope was elected with the name of Sylvester III.[8]

Second term[change | change source]

Benedict's second period as pope lasted from his return six months later to 1045 when he sold his title to John Gratianus,[7] who was then made pope with the name of Gregory VI.[9] Benedict abdicated or resigned.[10]

In 1046, there were three men with the title of pope. The problem was solved by electing a new pope with the name of Pope Clement II,[11] who died a short time later.

Third term[change | change source]

When the death of Clement II in 1047, Benedict IX tried to claim the papacy again, but was driven out of Rome by German troops. The timely election of Pope Damasus II became unimportant when he died 23 days later.[7]

After 1048, Benedict's importance faded;[12] and Pope Leo IX was elected in 1049.[7]

After his death[change | change source]

Benedict IX was buried in the Abbey of Grottaferrata c. 1056.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of Benedict IX[13]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
  2. Williams, George L. (2004). Papal Genealogy: The Families And Descendants Of The Popes, p. 12.
  3. The Tusculum family are also known as the Tuscolani
  4. "Pope Benedict IX", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  5. Benedict IX"," Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), Vol. 3, p. 558.
  6. Room, Adrian. (2010). "Bendict IX", Dictionary of Pseudonyms: 13,000 Assumed Names and Their Origins, p. 56.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Benedict IX," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 4, p. 214.
  8. "Antipope" (Sylvester III), Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  9. "Pope Gregory VI", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  10. "Abdication," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2013-2-11.
  11. "Pope Clement II", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  12. "Pope Damasus II", Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  13. Stemmi Papali, Benedetto IX (Italian); retrieved 2011-11-3

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Benedictus IX at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
John XIX
Pope
1032–1044
Succeeded by
Sylvester III
Preceded by
Sylvester III
Pope
1045
Succeeded by
Gregory VI
Preceded by
Clement II
Pope
1047–1048
Succeeded by
Damasus II