Antipope

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Antipope is a term of the Roman Catholic Church in the context of its official list of popes.[1] An antipope is not included in the list of popes in the Vatican's annual directory, Annuario Pontificio[2]

An antipope is a pretender who falsely claims to be pope or who wrongly opposes the legitimate and recognized pope.[3]

History[change | edit source]

The existence or claims of an antipope produces a schism in the Roman Catholic Church. A conflict is caused by those who are opposing the authority of the pope.[4]

List of antipopes[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. Curia Romana. (2008). Annuario Pontificio, p. 12; excerpt, "... we come across elections in which problems of harmonising historical criteria and those of theology and canon law make it impossible to decide clearly which side possessed the legitimacy whose factual existence guarantees the unbroken lawful succession of the successors of Saint Peter. The uncertainty that in some cases results has made it advisable to abandon the assignation of successive numbers in the list of the popes."
  3. "Antipope" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  4. "Antipope", Encyclopedia Americana (1835), p. 280; excerpt, "This is the Catholic explanation, because it is evident that the Roman church cannot admit that there ever existed two popes; but the fact is, that, in many cases, both competitors for the papal chair (sometimes there were even three) were equally antipopes; that is to say, the claims of all were equally good. Each was frequently supported by whole nations, and the schism was nothing but the struggle of political interests, which induced particular governments to support a pope against the pope supported by other governments."
  5. "Hippolytus" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  6. "Novatian and Novatianism" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  7. "Felix II" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  8. "Anastasius Bibliothecarius" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  9. "Pope Leo VIII" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  10. "Boniface VII (Antipope)" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  11. "John XVI (XVII)" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  12. "Gregory VI (Antipope)" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  13. "Pope Benedict X" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  14. "Cadalus" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  15. "Guibert of Ravenna" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  16. "Gregory VIII" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  17. "Anacletus II" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  18. "Victor IV" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  19. "Paschal III" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  20. "Robert of Geneva" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  21. "Felix V" Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.

Other websites[change | edit source]