Pope Innocent XI

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Innocent XI
Papacy began 21 September 1676
Papacy ended 12 August 1689
Predecessor Pope Clement X
Successor Pope Alexander VIII
Personal details
Birth name Benedetto Odescalchi
Born May 16, 1611(1611-05-16)
Como. Italy
Died August 12, 1689(1689-08-12) (aged 78)
Rome

Other Popes named Innocent

Pope Innocent XI (Latin: Innocentius Undecimus; 16 May 1611 – 12 August 1689), born Benedetto Odescalchi, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 241st Pope from 1676 to 1689.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Benedetto Odescalchi was born at Como in 1611.[2] He was the son of a Como nobleman, Livio Odescalchi

Cardinal[change | edit source]

In 1645, Pope Innocent X raised Odescalchi to the rank of cardinal.[2]

Bishop[change | edit source]

In 1650, Odescalchi became Bishop of Novara.[2]

Pope[change | edit source]

Cardinal Odescalchi was elected pope on 21 September 1676;[3] and he chose to be called Innocent XI.

Pope Innocent was involved in Italian and European political disputes,[2] chiefly with Louis XIV of France[4]

Pope Innocent and Siamese envoys, 1688

In December 1688, Innocent received the diplomatic mission sent to the Vatican by Narai, the King of Siam.[5]

After his death[change | edit source]

After Innocent XI in 1689, he was buried in St. Peter's Basilica.[2]

The process of canonization was begun in 1714 and suspended in 1744. Pope Pius XII announced his beatification in 1956.[6]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Coat of arms of Innocent XI
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-1.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Blessed Pope Innocent XI", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-1.
  3. "Innocent XI", Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), Vol. 14, pp. 582.
  4. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Innocent VII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 12, p. 481.
  5. Smithies, Michael and Luigi Bressan. (2001). Siam and the Vatican in the Seventeenth Century, p. 98.
  6. "Blessed Pope Innocent XI," Catholic News Agency ; retrieved 2011-12-2.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Innocentius XI at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Clement X
Pope
1676–1689
Succeeded by
Alexander VIII