Mausoleum of Maussollos

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A fanciful interpretation of the Mausoleum of Maussollos, from a 1572 engraving by Marten Heemskerk (14981574), who based his reconstruction on descriptions

The Mausoleum of Maussollos, or the Tomb of Mausolus,[1] was a tomb built between 353 BC and 350 BC. It was built at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister. He was a satrap in the Persian Empire. It was designed by the Greek architects Satyrus and Pythius.[2][3] It stood about 45 meters (135 feet) tall. Each of the four sides was decorated with sculptural reliefs created by one of four Greek sculptors — Bryaxis, Leochares, Scopas and Timotheus.[4] It was such an accomplishment that Antipater of Sidon said it was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The word mausoleum has come to be used generically for any grand tomb, though "Mausoleion" originally meant "[building] dedicated to Mausolus".

Further reading[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]

  • penelope.uchicago - The Tomb of Mausolus (W.R. Lethaby's reconstruction of the Mausoleum, 1908)

References[change | edit source]

  1. Also Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (Ancient Greek: Μαυσωλεῖον Ἁλικαρνασσεύς, Μαυσωλεῖον τοῦ Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ)
  2. Kostof, Spiro (1985). A History of Architecture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 9. ISBN 0-19-503473-2.
  3. Gloag, John (1969) [1958]. Guide to Western Architecture (Revised Edition ed.). The Hamlyn Publishing Group. pp. 362.
  4. Smith, William (1870). "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, page 744". http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra/0751.html. Retrieved 2006-09-21.