A 13th-century Byzantine icon from Saint Catherine's Monastery, Mount Sinai
|Venerated in||Anglicanism, Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Lutheranism, Islam, Judaism|
|Feast||November 8 (New Calendar Eastern Orthodox Churches) / November 21 (Old Calendar Eastern Orthodox Churches), September 29 ("Michaelmas"); May 8; many other local and historical feasts|
|Attributes||Archangel; Treading on a dragon; carrying a banner, scales, and sword|
|Patronage||Guardian of the Catholic Church; Kiev, Guardian of Vatican City; protector of the Jewish people, police officers, military, grocers, mariners, paratroopers|
Michael (Hebrew: מִיכָאֵל Micha'el or Mîkhā'ēl; Greek: Μιχαήλ, Mikhaḗl; Latin: Michael; Arabic: ميخائيل, Mīkhā'īl) is an archangel in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic teachings. Roman Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, and Lutherans call him "Saint Michael the Archangel" or simply "Saint Michael". Orthodox Christians call him the "Taxiarch Archangel Michael" or simply "Archangel Michael".
In Hebrew, Michael means "who is like God?". The Book of Daniel speaks of Michael three times. One time, it says he is a "great prince who stands up for the children of your people". Jews saw Michael as their supporter. They are normally not allowed to appeal to angels as a link between God and his people. However, Michael became important in Jewish liturgy.
In the New Testament Michael leads God's armies against Satan's forces in the Book of Revelation. During the war in heaven he defeats (wins against) Satan. In the Epistle of Jude Michael is called "the archangel Michael". Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century. He was first seen as a healing angel. Later, Christians saw him as a protector (someone who defends and helps) and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were common both in the Eastern and Western Churches. Over time, teachings on Michael began to change among Christians.
References[change | edit source]
- Alban Butler, The Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and other Principal Saints. 12 vols. B. Dornin, 1821; p. 117
- "Benedict XVI joins Pope Francis in consecrating Vatican to St Michael Archangel". news.va. http://www.news.va/en/news/benedict-xvi-joins-pope-francis-in-consecrating-va. Retrieved 2013-07-05.
- "Bible gateway, Daniel 12:1". Biblegateway.com. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=daniel%2012;&version=31. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
- "St. Michael, Patron Saint of Police Officers". Jcpdes.com. http://www.jcpdes.com/stmichael.html. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
- "St. Michael, the Archangel - Saints & Angels - Catholic Online". Catholic.org. http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=308. Retrieved 2012-12-27.