Michigan Territory

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Michigan Territory was a territory of the United States in the early 19th century, between June 30, 1805 and January 26, 1837, when it became Michigan, the 26th state of the Union. Detroit was the territory's capital.

History[change | change source]

The Treaty of Detroit was signed on November 17, 1807 between William Hurt and American Indians from the Odawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Wyandot people. Those Indian tribes agreed to give the United States the area of Southeast Michigan and a part of Ohio near the Maumee River. The Indians were allowed to own small amounts of land in the area. This helped expand the territory.[1]

Population[change | change source]

These numbers do not count most Native Americans. In 1800, the whole of the Northwest Territory had 43,365 people living in it. Under the Northwest Ordinance, a territory could apply to become a state once it had 60,000 people living in it.

Year Population
1810 4,762
1820 8,896
1830 31,639
1834 87,273
1840 212,267

Governors[change | change source]

Governor Dates Served Notes
William Hull March 1, 1805 to October 29, 1813
Lewis Cass October 29, 1813 to August 6, 1831
George Bryan Porter August 6, 1831 to July 6, 1834 Died in office.
Stevens T. Mason July 6, 1834 to September 15, 1835 ex officio, Acting Governor due to position as Secretary
John S. Horner September 15, 1835 to July 3, 1836 ex officio, Acting Governor due to position as Secretary

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]