Moscow Metro

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Moscow Metro map

The Moscow Metro is a metro system which reaches nearly every part of the city of Moscow in Russia. It is one of the most heavily used metro systems in the world. It is also famous for its stations, which are heavily decorated with paintings.

Description[change | change source]

In total the metro is 325.4 kilometres long and has 194 stations. During the week about 8.2 million passengers use the metro. On weekends there are 7.1 million passengers. Every line has its own colour, name and number. In total there are 12 lines. The metro runs from 5:30 AM to 1:00 AM. In peak hours trains run every 90 seconds, in the rest of the day every 3–4 minutes and in the evening every 6–10 minutes. The metro does not have a timetable, because the trains run at short intervals. Only one line have timetables at the part of it - Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya, because there are two lines there - line L1(to Mezhdunarodnaya) and old line to Fili.

Lines[change | change source]

The Moscow Metro has 12 lines, consisting of 11 normal lines and one light line. Here is a short overview of the lines:

Name Number
and colour
Line
completion
Newest station
added
Length Stations
Sokolnicheskaya 1 1935 1990 26.1 km 19
Zamoskvoretskaya 2 1938 2012 39.9 km 21
Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya 3 1938 2012 45.1\1 km 22
Filyovskaya 4 1958 2006 14.9 km 13
Koltsevaya 5 1950 1954 19.4 km 12
Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya 6 1958 1990 37.6 km 24
Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya 7 1966 2013 40.5 km 21
Kalininskaya 8 1979 2014 19.7 km 10
Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya 9 1983 2002 41.5 km 25
Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya 10 1995 2011 28.0 km 17
Kakhovskaya 11 1995 1969 3.4 km 3
Butovskaya 12 2003 2014 10.0 km 7
Total: 325.4 km 194

Tickets[change | change source]

There are tickets for a certain number of rides and tickets for a certain time.

The moscow metro uses magnetic cards for tickets with a certain number of rides. (1,2,5,10,20,60 and 70 rides). These rides must be used within 30 days after the first ride. These tickets were first sold in 1993 as a test. All other tickets are Transport Cards (Smartcards). There are two kinds of smartcards, 'unlimited' and 'social'. Both kinds of cards can be used for 30, 90 or 1 year. Social cards are free for senior citizens and reduced for students.

Interesting Facts[change | change source]

The metro has a gauge of 1520 mm, like most Russian railways. It gets the electricity from a third rail. The metro is run on a voltage of 825V AC. The average distance between stations is 1800 m. The shortest is 502m between the stations Delovoy Center and Mezhdunarodnaya. The longest distance between stations is 6627 m between Krylatskoe and Strogino. The long distance helps trains travelling faster and more efficient.

Most platforms are at least 155 m long. They can take trains which have 8 cars. The only exceptions are some stations on Filyovskaya Line which can only take 6-car trains. These stations are:

All of these stations are above ground.

Trains on lines 2, 6, 7 and 9 have eight cars, on lines 1, 3, 8, 10 seven cars and on lines 4, 5 and 11 six cars. All cars are 19.6 m long and have four doors on each side.

Line L1 is called "Light Metro". It is different from all other lines. Its platforms are much shorter than the normal platforms. They are only 96 m longs. It has newer trains than the other lines. They were built by the company Rusich.

The metro has 172 stations. 71 of them are deep under the ground, 87 are just under the ground. There are also 10 stations above the ground and 3 on bridges. There are also 4 stations, which are not opened yet: Volokolamskaya of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line, Delovoy Center of Kalininskaya and Solntsevskaya lines and Park Pobedy of Solntsevskaya line.

On trains to the city there is a male announcer, on trains from the city there is a female announcer. (The boss calls you to work, the wife calls you home) One of the stations - Vorobievy Gory is situated at the bridge and has a great view at the Moscow river. Also this station is the longest at Moscow.

Metro 2[change | change source]

Although this has not been officially said, many independent studies say that there is a second, deeper metro system designed for emergency evacuation of important city personnel in case of attack. It is believed that it consists of a single track and connects the Kremlin, chief HQ (Genshtab), Lubyanka (FSB Headquarters) and the Ministry of Defence, as well as numerous other secret installations. There are also entrances to the system from several civilian buildings such as the Russian State Library, Moscow State University (MSU) and at least two stations of the regular metro.[citation needed] It is speculated that these would allow for the evacuation of a small number of randomly chosen civilians, in addition to most of the elite military personnel. The only known junction between the secret system and normal Metro is behind the station Sportivnaya of the Sokolnicheskaya Line.

Statistics[change | change source]

Latest numbers from official site.

Passengers 2603.2 million passengers
— paid a trip 1958.6 million passengers
Average number of passengers per day 7132.1 thousand passengers
Revenue from fares 15997.4 million rubles
Network length 320.9 km
Number of lines 12
Longest line Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line (43.7 km)
Shortest line Kakhovskaya Line (3.3 km)
Longest section KrylatskoeStrogino (6.625 km)
Shortest section Delovoy TsentrMezhdunarodnaya (502 m)
Number of stations 192
— transfer stations 61
— transfer points 26
— surface/elevated 15
Deepest station Park Pobedy (84 m)
Most shallow underground station Pechatniki
Station with the longest platform Vorobyevy Gory (282 m)
Number of stations with a single entrance 70
Total number of entrances 273
Number of turnstiles 2545
Number of escalators 681
— including Monorail stations 18
Total length of all escalators 67.4 km
Number of depots 15
Total number of train runs per day 10072
Average speed:  
— commercial 41.57 km/h
— technical 48.85 km/h
Total number of cars (average per day) 4545
Cars in service (average per day) 3565
Total run of cars 733.6 million car-kilometers
— with passengers 699.2 million car-kilometers
Average run of cars per day 562.3 car-kilometers
Average passengers per car 48 people
Longest escalator 126 m (Park Pobedy)
Total number of ventilation shafts 406
Number of local ventilation systems in use 5551
Number of medical assistance points 46
Total number of employees 37401 people
— males 19936 people
— females 17465 people
Timetable fulfillment 99.98 %
Minimum average interval 90 sec
Average passenger trip 13.0 km


Expansion plans[change | change source]

2014[change | change source]



Other websites[change | change source]