The Moscow Metro is a metro system which reaches nearly every part of the city of Moscow in Russia. It is one of the most heavily used metro systems in the world. It is also famous for its stations, which are heavily decorated with paintings.
Description[change | change source]
In total the metro is 325.4 kilometres long and has 194 stations. During the week about 8.2 million passengers use the metro. On weekends there are 7.1 million passengers. Every line has its own colour, name and number. In total there are 12 lines. The metro runs from 5:30 AM to 1:00 AM. In peak hours trains run every 90 seconds, in the rest of the day every 3–4 minutes and in the evening every 6–10 minutes. The metro does not have a timetable, because the trains run at short intervals. Only one line have timetables at the part of it - Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya, because there are two lines there - line L1(to Mezhdunarodnaya) and old line to Fili.
Lines[change | change source]
The Moscow Metro has 12 lines, consisting of 11 normal lines and one light line. Here is a short overview of the lines:
Tickets[change | change source]
There are tickets for a certain number of rides and tickets for a certain time.
The moscow metro uses magnetic cards for tickets with a certain number of rides. (1,2,5,10,20,60 and 70 rides). These rides must be used within 30 days after the first ride. These tickets were first sold in 1993 as a test. All other tickets are Transport Cards (Smartcards). There are two kinds of smartcards, 'unlimited' and 'social'. Both kinds of cards can be used for 30, 90 or 1 year. Social cards are free for senior citizens and reduced for students.
Interesting Facts[change | change source]
The metro has a gauge of 1520 mm, like most Russian railways. It gets the electricity from a third rail. The metro is run on a voltage of 825V AC. The average distance between stations is 1800 m. The shortest is 502m between the stations Delovoy Center and Mezhdunarodnaya. The longest distance between stations is 6627 m between Krylatskoe and Strogino. The long distance helps trains travelling faster and more efficient.
All of these stations are above ground.
Trains on lines 2, 6, 7 and 9 have eight cars, on lines 1, 3, 8, 10 seven cars and on lines 4, 5 and 11 six cars. All cars are 19.6 m long and have four doors on each side.
Line L1 is called "Light Metro". It is different from all other lines. Its platforms are much shorter than the normal platforms. They are only 96 m longs. It has newer trains than the other lines. They were built by the company Rusich.
The metro has 172 stations. 71 of them are deep under the ground, 87 are just under the ground. There are also 10 stations above the ground and 3 on bridges. There are also 4 stations, which are not opened yet: Volokolamskaya of Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line, Delovoy Center of Kalininskaya and Solntsevskaya lines and Park Pobedy of Solntsevskaya line.
On trains to the city there is a male announcer, on trains from the city there is a female announcer. (The boss calls you to work, the wife calls you home) One of the stations - Vorobievy Gory is situated at the bridge and has a great view at the Moscow river. Also this station is the longest at Moscow.
Metro 2[change | change source]
Although this has not been officially said, many independent studies say that there is a second, deeper metro system designed for emergency evacuation of important city personnel in case of attack. It is believed that it consists of a single track and connects the Kremlin, chief HQ (Genshtab), Lubyanka (FSB Headquarters) and the Ministry of Defence, as well as numerous other secret installations. There are also entrances to the system from several civilian buildings such as the Russian State Library, Moscow State University (MSU) and at least two stations of the regular metro. It is speculated that these would allow for the evacuation of a small number of randomly chosen civilians, in addition to most of the elite military personnel. The only known junction between the secret system and normal Metro is behind the station Sportivnaya of the Sokolnicheskaya Line.
Statistics[change | change source]
Latest numbers from official site.
|Passengers||2603.2 million passengers|
|— paid a trip||1958.6 million passengers|
|Average number of passengers per day||7132.1 thousand passengers|
|Revenue from fares||15997.4 million rubles|
|Network length||320.9 km|
|Number of lines||12|
|Longest line||Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line (43.7 km)|
|Shortest line||Kakhovskaya Line (3.3 km)|
|Longest section||Krylatskoe–Strogino (6.625 km)|
|Shortest section||Delovoy Tsentr–Mezhdunarodnaya (502 m)|
|Number of stations||192|
|— transfer stations||61|
|— transfer points||26|
|Deepest station||Park Pobedy (84 m)|
|Most shallow underground station||Pechatniki|
|Station with the longest platform||Vorobyevy Gory (282 m)|
|Number of stations with a single entrance||70|
|Total number of entrances||273|
|Number of turnstiles||2545|
|Number of escalators||681|
|— including Monorail stations||18|
|Total length of all escalators||67.4 km|
|Number of depots||15|
|Total number of train runs per day||10072|
|— commercial||41.57 km/h|
|— technical||48.85 km/h|
|Total number of cars (average per day)||4545|
|Cars in service (average per day)||3565|
|Total run of cars||733.6 million car-kilometers|
|— with passengers||699.2 million car-kilometers|
|Average run of cars per day||562.3 car-kilometers|
|Average passengers per car||48 people|
|Longest escalator||126 m (Park Pobedy)|
|Total number of ventilation shafts||406|
|Number of local ventilation systems in use||5551|
|Number of medical assistance points||46|
|Total number of employees||37401 people|
|— males||19936 people|
|— females||17465 people|
|Timetable fulfillment||99.98 %|
|Minimum average interval||90 sec|
|Average passenger trip||13.0 km|
Expansion plans[change | change source]
2014[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Moscow Metro|