Mount Fuji

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A picture of Mount Fuji.

Mount Fuji (富士山, Fuji-san) is the tallest mountain in Japan, at 3,776 metres (12,388 ft) high.[1] It is also a volcano. It is on the border between Shizuoka Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture. Mount Fuji is a famous cultural icon of Japan, as a lot of people have painted it and taken photographs of it. It became the 13th UNESCO World Heritage Site in Japan on June 22, 2013.

Active volcano[change | change source]

Mount Fuji is officially classified as an active volcano;[2] but some describe Fuji as dormant or inactive.[3]

The last major event was the Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji which started on December 16, 1707 (Hōei 4, 23rd day of the 11th month) and ended about January 1, 1708 (Hōei 4, 9th day of the 12th month) during the Edo period.[4] Cinders and ash from Fuji fell like rain in Izu Province, Kai Province, Sagami Province, and Musashi Province.[5]

Shinto[change | change source]

The mountain is thought to be named after Fuchi, the Buddhist fire goddess.[6] The mountain is sacred in the Shinto religion and at the bottom of the mountain are shrines to the goddess Konohananosakuya-hime (コノハナノサクヤヒメ)).[6]

Climbing[change | change source]

Many people climb Mt. Fuji every year. The summer during 25 July to 25 August is the official climbing season.[6] There are three mountain-climbing routes on the Shizuoka side of Mt. Fuji. There is a post office on the top of Mt. Fuji which is open only in summer. It was built in 1909 and is the highest post office in Japan.[7]

Mountain in art[change | change source]

In 2009, Mount Fuji was recognized as one of the 100 Landscapes of Japan which best show contemporary Japan and its culture in the Heisei period.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

3D computer simulation

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Mount Fuji at Wikimedia Commons