Muryeong of Baekje

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Muryeong of Baekje
Hangul 무령왕, 무녕왕, 무영왕
Hanja 武寧王
Revised Romanization Muryeong-wang, Munyeong-wang, Muyeong-wang
McCune–Reischauer Muryǒng-wang, Munyǒng-wang, Muyǒng-wang
Birth name
Hangul 사마, 여융
Hanja 斯摩, 餘隆
Revised Romanization Sama, Yeoyung
McCune–Reischauer Sama, Yŏyung

Muryeong of Baekje (462–523, r. 501–23), also known as Sama, was a 6th-century Korean king.[1] He was the 25th king of Baekje, which was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea in ancient times.[2] The name Muryong means "military peace". It is a posthumous title.[1]

Events of Muryeong's reign[change | edit source]

During Muryeong’s reign, the southwestern kingdom of Baekje was allied with its eastern rival Silla against the northern kingdom of Goguryeo.[3]

The king is known for expanding contacts with China and Japan.[4]

After his death[change | edit source]

Entrance to burial mound of King Muryeong in Gongju

Muryeong's tomb is located in Gongju in South Chungcheong Province.[5] It has been studied by archeologists and historians.[2] This the only ancient tomb that has been positively identified among those of this period.[6]

Legacy[change | edit source]

In 2001, Japan's Emperor Akihito acknowledged a distant relationship with Muryeong. He explained, "I, on my part, feel a certain kinship with Korea, given the fact that it is recorded in the Chronicles of Japan that the mother of Emperor Kammu was of the line of King Muryong of Baekje."[7]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kim, Wongyong. (1986). Art and Archaeology of Ancient Korea, p. 194; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Korea Tourism Organization, "Songsan-ri Tombs and Royal Tomb of King Muryeong"; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  3. Discover Korea, "Gongju’s Songsanri Tombs," 19 December 2008; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  4. Paxton, Norbert. (2005). The Rough Guide to Korea, p. 276.
  5. Gong ju City, Group of Ancient in Tombs Songsan-ri (Tomb of king Muryeong-wang)"; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  6. "Baekje Bone Fragments 'Belonged to King or Queen'," Chosun Ilbo (ROK). December 9, 2009; retrieved 2011-12-25.
  7. Watts, Jonathan. Guardian.co.uk "The emperor's new roots," The Guardian (UK). 28 December 2001; retrieved 2011-12-25.

More Reading[change | edit source]

  • Kim, Won-Yong. “The Tomb of King Muryong of the Paekche Dynasty.” Asian Pacific Quarterly of Cultural and Social Affairs (Seoul) 3:3 (Winter 1971): 34-46.
  • Paik, Seung-gil. "Excavation of the Tomb of Paekche King Muryong." Korea Journal 11:8 (August 1971): 48-51.

Other websites[change | edit source]