|TEM micrograph of M. tuberculosis.|
Lehmann & Neumann 1896
Mycobacterium is a genus of bacteria, with about 100 species.The genus includes pathogens known to cause serious diseases in mammals, including tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and leprosy (Mycobacterium leprae). The Greek prefix myco means “fungus”. When they are cultured on the surface of liquids, Mycobacteria growth is similar to that of molds, a kind of fungus.