Order of the Garter
The Most Noble Order of the Garter (OG) is an English order of chivalry. It was started in 1348, by King Edward III of England. The Order is the highest level of knighthood that can be given by the English monarch. It is the world's oldest national order of knighthood. Membership in the Order is limited to those people who have done many great things for the United Kingdom.
The Order of the Garter is made up of a very small number of people. This group includes the Sovereign (the King or Queen of Britain) and no more than 25 full members. These members are called "Companions". Male companions are called "Knight Companions". Female members are called "Lady Companions". There are also a number of extra members known as "Supernumerary" Knights and Ladies. These members are usually members of the British royal family, and monarchs of other countries.
Membership in the Order is strictly limited and includes the monarch, the Prince of Wales, not more than 24 companion members, and various other members. The monarch alone can grant membership. He or she is known as the Sovereign of the Garter, and the Prince of Wales is known as a Knight Companion of the Garter.
- Oonagh Gay (20 March 2006). "Honours Standard Note: SN/PC/2832" (PDF). United Kingdom Parliament. Archived from the original on 16 October 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061016235112/http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/notes/snpc-02832.pdf. Retrieved 7 November 2006.
- "College of St George – Windsor Castle – Orders of Chivalry". College of St George – Windsor Castle. http://www.stgeorges-windsor.org/about-st-georges/royal-connection/orders-of-chivalry.html. Retrieved 4 June 2010.