|Skeleton cast of P. transouralicum, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo|
It is the largest land mammal known. The average size of adults was 5 m (16.5 ft) tall, 8 m (26.5 ft) in length, with a weight of about 15 tons. It had a long, low, hornless skull and long frontal and nasal bones.
It was a herbivore that stripped leaves from trees. Its front teeth had a single pair of incisors in either jaw. They were round, pointed, and so large that they looked like small tusks. The upper incisors pointed straight downwards, while the lower ones jutted outwards. The upper lip was evidently extremely mobile. The neck was very long, the body big and strong, and the limbs long and thick, column-like.
References[change | change source]
- previously called Indricotherium or Baluchitherium or just Indricothere
- Prothero D. 2013. Rhinoceros giants: the palaeobiology of Indricotheres. Indiana: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-00819-0