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Summer Paralympic Games
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The Paralympic Games are a major international sports event. Athletes with physical disabilities compete in these games and are called Paralympians. This includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and Cerebral Palsy. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games. They are held just after the Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
The Paralympics have grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to become one of the largest international sport events by the early 21st century. Paralympians work for equal treatment with able-bodied Olympic athletes. Olympic athletes receive much more financial support than Paralympic athletes. Some Paralympians who have also participated in the Olympic Games.
The Paralympic Games are run in parallel with the Olympic Games. The IOC also recognized Special Olympics World Games include athletes with intellectual disabilities. The Deaflympics is specially for deaf athletes.
Paralympic athletes have many different kinds of disabilities, so there are several categories in which the athletes compete. The disabilities are in six broad categories: amputee, Cerebral Palsy, intellectual disability, wheelchair, visually impaired, and Les Autres (This means "The Others" in French.) These categories are further broken down which vary from sport to sport.
References[change | edit source]
- The World Games for the Deaf and the Paralympic Games, International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (CISS), December, 1996
- Special Olympics and the Olympic Movement, Official website of the Special Olympics, 2006