Pneumoconiosis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Pneumoconiosis is a form of occupational lung disease. It is not an infective disease. It is a progressive (gets worse with time) degenerative disorder. It is caused by air pollution in the form of particulates. It was common among coal miners, who inhaled coal dust regularly.

Another type of pneumoconiosis is 'asbestosis', caused by inhaling asbestos fibres. A third type is caused by inhaling minute silica particles, called 'silicosis'. All forms of pneuomoconiosis shorten life, and have no cure.

Indications:

  1. Having worked at an occupation with dust risks
  2. Shortness of breath
  3. Chest X-ray may show typical signs

Long name[change | change source]

Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis is a lung disease caused by the breathing-in of very small particles of sand or quartz dust found in volcanoes. It was first seen in the Oxford English Dictionary, in 1936. It is an "an artificial long word",[1] invented by in 1935 by Everett Smith, president of the National Puzzlers' League (N.P.L.), at its annual meeting.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. OED
  2. Cole, Chris. (1989.) The biggest hoax. Word Ways: The Journal of Recreational Linguistics, via wordways.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-08.