President of Romania

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The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. The President is directly elected by a two-round system for a five-year term (since 2004, after the Constitution was modified in 2003). He or she can serve two terms. During his term in office, the President must not be a member of any political party.

List of Presidents of Romania (1947-Present)[change | edit source]

Peoples Republic Romania (1947-1965) Socialist Republic of Romania (1965-1989)[change | edit source]

Chairman of the Presidium of the Romanian People's Republic[change | edit source]

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 30 December 1947 13 April 1948 Romanian Communist Party

Chairman of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly[change | edit source]

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Constantin Parhon 13 April 1948 2 June 1952 Romanian Workers' Party
Petru Groza 3 June 1952 7 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Mihail Sadoveanu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Anton Moisescu (acting) 7 January 1958 11 January 1958 Romanian Workers' Party
Ion Gheorghe Maurer 11 January 1958 21 March 1961 Romanian Workers' Party

Presidents of the Council of State[change | edit source]

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej 21 March 1961 19 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Ion Gheorghe Maurer (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Ştefan Voitec (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
+ Avram Bunaciu (acting) 19 March 1965 24 March 1965 Romanian Workers' Party
Chivu Stoica 24 March 1965 9 December 1967 Romanian Workers' Party (until 1965), Romanian Communist Party (since 1965)
Nicolae Ceauşescu 9 December 1967 28 March 1974 Romanian Communist Party

President[change | edit source]

Name Term start Term end Political Party
Nicolae Ceauşescu 28 March 1974 22 December 1989 (deposed in Romanian Revolution) Romanian Communist Party

Romania (1989-Present)[change | edit source]

The title is "President of Romania" (Romanian: Preşedintele României). Article 84 of the Romanian Constitution forbids the President to be member of any political party during his (or her) term (only).

Name Term start Term end
Council of the National Salvation Front 22 December 1989 26 December 1989
Ion Iliescu (1st time) (President of the Council of the National Salvation Front until 13 February 1990; President of the Provisional National Unity Council from 13 February 1990) 26 December 1989 20 June 1990
Ion Iliescu (2nd time) 20 June 1990 11 October 1992
Ion Iliescu (3rd time) 11 October 1992 29 November 1996
Emil Constantinescu 29 November 1996 20 December 2000
Ion Iliescu (4th time) 20 December 2000 20 December 2004
Traian Băsescu 20 December 2004 19 April 2007 (suspended)
Nicolae Văcăroiu (ad interim) 20 April 2007 23 May 2007
Traian Băsescu 23 May 2007 (resumed office) 20 December 2004 9 July 2012
Crin Antonescu (ad interim) 10 July 2012 28 August 2012
Traian Băsescu 28 August 2012 (resumed office) Present