President of the Republic of China

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The Presidential Building is located in Jhongjheng District, Taipei City.

The President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is the head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the democratic island country known officially as the Republic of China Republic of China (Taiwan). The Republic of China (Taiwan) government has controlled Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and other islands after the rest of mainland China since 1949.

The presidential office was created in 1948 under the 1947 Constitution of the Republic of China (Taiwan).

Outside of Taiwan, the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is usually informally referred to as the "President of Taiwan" (Chinese: 臺灣總統). In the previous Kuomintang-controlled administration, the title of "President of the Republic of China" was used. The current Democratic Progressive Party administration refers to the President as the "President of the Republic of China (Taiwan)" (Chinese: 中華民國(臺灣)總統).

List of Presidents[change | change source]

Presidents of the Republic of China, 1912-1928[change | change source]

President Begin End Faction Notes
Sun Yat-sen 1 January 1912 1 April 1912 Revolutionary Alliance provisional
Yuan Shikai 10 March 1912 6 June 1916 Beiyang clique; Republican Party provisional until October 10, 1913; Emperor from January 1, 1916 to March 22, 1916
Li Yuanhong 7 June 1916 17 July 1917 Progressive Party acting until August 1, 1916; continuing Yuan's term
Feng Guozhang 7 July 1917 10 October 1918 Zhili clique acting until August 1, 1917; finished Yuan's term
Xu Shichang 10 October 1918 2 June 1922
Sun Yat-sen 5 May 1921 29 June 1922 Kuomintang extraordinary; rival government
Zhou Ziqi 2 June 1922 11 June 1922 acting; continuing Xu's term
Li Yuanhong 11 June 1922 13 June 1923 acting until August 1 1922; continuing Xu's term
Gao Lingwei 13 June 1923 10 October 1923 acting; finished Xu's term
Cao Kun 10 October 1923 2 November 1924 Zhili clique
Huang Fu 2 November 1924 24 November 1924 Kuomintang acting
Duan Qirui 24 November 1924 20 April 1926 Anhui clique Provisional Chief Executive
Hu Weide 20 April 1926 13 May 1926 acting
Yan Huiqing 13 May 1926 22 June 1926 acting
Du Xigui 22 June 1926 1 October 1926 Zhili clique acting
Gu Weijun 1 October 1926 18 June 1927 Kuomintang acting
Zhang Zuolin 18 June 1927 2 June 1928 Fengtian clique Generalissimo of the Military Government

Presidents of the Republic of China (Taiwan), 1948-present[change | change source]

President Begin End Party Terms
Chiang Kai-shek May 20, 1948 January 21, 1949 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Elected 1-5
Li Tsung-jen January 21, 1949 March 1, 1950 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Acting
Chiang Kai-shek March 1, 1950 April 5, 1975 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang see above
Yen Chia-kan April 5, 1975 May 20, 1978 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Finished 5
Chiang Ching-kuo May 20, 1978 January 13, 1988 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Elected 6-7
Lee Teng-hui January 13, 1988 May 20, 2000 Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Finished 7; Elected 8-9
Chen Shui-bian May 20, 2000 May 20, 2008 Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Dem. Progressive Party Elected 10-11
Ma Ying-jeou May 20, 2008 incumbent Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang Elected 12