Research is the process of finding facts. These facts will lead to knowledge. Research is done by using what is already known (if any). Additional knowledge can be obtained by proving (or falsifying) existing theories, and by trying to better explain observations. Research should be systematic, organized and objective.
Academic research[change | edit source]
Researchers take part in field or laboratory experiments, reading relevant books or internet information about a subject, taking notes and making conclusions.
Scientific research[change | edit source]
The scientific method is the usual way of doing this kind of research. It is meant to improve understanding of Biology, Engineering, Physics, Chemistry and many other fields. As a result, scientific research makes it possible to discover new medicines, build automobiles safer, and provide healthy food. Money for research comes from governments, private corporations, and charities.
Some basic principles of research[change | edit source]
Any research should be:
- Systematic: from an hypothesis or working objective, scientists gather data according to a scheme set out in advance. Since the data are analyzed and interpreted, the scientists change ideas or add new knowledge to that already existing. The approach used in research is the scientific method.
- Organized: members of a research group use the same definitions, standards and principles. To achieve this, the research is planned in detail.
- Objective: conclusions got from research must be based on observed and measured facts, not on subjective impressions. The conclusions should be unbiased.
Basic activities at research process[change | edit source]
- Studying available information on the subject.
- Physical or computer modeling.
- Measuring the phenomena.
- Comparing the obtained results.
- Interpreting the results with the current knowledge, considering the variables which might have influenced the result.
Types of research[change | edit source]
- Basic research, also called fundamental research or pure research.
- Applied research which is targeting an application of the new knowledge into the practice.
Classification of research per connections among disciplines[change | edit source]
- Multidisciplinary research: in this kind of research the evaluation is realized from different angles, using different perspectives of discipline without bringing to the integration.
- Interdisciplinary research: this kind of research relates to the creation of an identity of methodology, of theory and of concepts, by this which the results are more coherent and integrated.
- Transdisciplinary research: it goes more behind than the previous types and it relates to the process with a convergence among disciplines accompanied with a mutual integration.
References[change | edit source]
- Bung, Mario 1967. Scientific research. vol 1: The search for system; vol 2: The search for truth. Berlin:Springer.