A Rose garden or Rosarium is a garden or park, often open to the public, in which roses are grown. While some rose gardens have only a decorative purpose, most of them are used to present and grow various types of roses.
The first known rose garden was planted by French empress Joséphine de Beauharnais in Malmaison. When she died, in 1814, the garden had around 250 types of garden roses. Another old rose garden is the Rosenhöhe Park in Darmstadt, Germany created in 1810 by Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
Growing roses for commercial purposes started in the 19th century. The important rose gardens created for commercial rose breeding were:
- "Roseraie du Val-de-Marne" in L'Haÿ-les-Roses, France
- "Dolná Krupá rosarium in Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia
- "Europa-Rosarium in Sangerhausen, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany