Shiretoko National Park

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Shiretoko National Park
知床国立公園
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Shiretoko National Park.jpg
View from the sea
Location Hokkaidō, Japan
Coordinates 44°06′00″N 145°11′00″E / 44.1°N 145.1833333°E / 44.1; 145.1833333Coordinates: 44°06′00″N 145°11′00″E / 44.1°N 145.1833333°E / 44.1; 145.1833333
Area 386.33 km²
Established June 1, 1964
Official name: Shiretoko
Type: Natural
Criteria: ix, x
Designated: 2005 (29th session)
Reference #: 1193
State Party: Japan
Region: Asia-Pacific

Shiretoko National Park (知床国立公園 Shiretoko Kokuritsu Kōen?) is a World Heritage Site in Hokkaidō, Japan.[1] The park covers the Shiretoko Peninsula which faces the Sea of Okhotsk.[2]

The word "Shiretoko" is comes from an Ainu word "sir etok". It means "end of the Earth".[2]

History[change | edit source]

Shiretoko National Park was established in 1964.[3]

In 2005, UNESCO named the area a World Heritage Site.[1] UNESCO also suggested that Japan should work with Russia to make an international "World Heritage Peace Park" including the Kuril Islands. Both Japan and Russia claim these islands as part of their countries.

Geography[change | edit source]

Shiretoko is hard to get to. Visitors must go to most places on foot or by boat. There is a hot springs waterfall called Kamuiwakka Falls (カムイワッカの滝 Kamuiwakka-no-taki?). Kamui wakka means "water of the gods" in Ainu.

Plants[change | edit source]

The park forests are temperate and subalpine. There are several different types of trees. The most common trees here are Sakhalin fir, Erman's birch, and Mongolian oak.

Animals[change | edit source]

The park has Japan's largest mammal species of Ezo brown bears.[3]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 UNESCO, "Shiretoko"; retrieved 2012-12-13.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Haggett, Peter. (2001). Encyclopedia of World Geography, p. 3076.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Japan Integrated Biodiversity Information System (JIBIS), Shiretoko National Park 38,633 ha.:(June 1, 1964); retrieved 2012-12-13.

Other websites[change | edit source]


This article is about a World Heritage Site