From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gigo funakoshi

Shotokan (松濤館流 Shōtōkan-ryū?) is a school or style of karate. It is a martial art which was developed in Japan by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957).[1]

What is it?[change | edit source]

Long time ago, many people practiced this martial art in many countries. Today, the karate shotokan is still popular…

Karate is primarily a combat sport to bare hand.

Kara-te means: empty hand

  • Kara: empty
  • Te: hand

So then the only weapons that can be used against a fighter are parts of the body. Where karate come from? In fact, there are a lot of styles of karate who exist in the world. karate shotokan is a style of karate that comes mainly from a small island south of Japan called Okinawa Island. The great founder of this martial art is Gichin Funakoshi. This master always did karate all his life. In fact, he have open a lot of dojo, he was a teacher during many years and he wrote a book about his art.

The basics of discipline[change | edit source]

To exercise this discipline you must wear a karate uniform and a belt that determines your level. The order of karate belts is as follows: to beginner to advance: white, yellow, orange, green, blue, purple, brown and black. (The order of the belts may vary depending on the style of karate). After the black belt, there are nine levels before finishing all notions of karate. In fact, the more you level up and it is more difficult and it’s longer before reaching the second level.

In a fight, you must wear shin guards, gloves, a chest protector and a mouth piece. The heart of karate: In this sport, people must learn the Japanese language for understand all of technic. The very foundation of karate Shotokan is the expression OSS. This means: heart, courage, patience, spirit and never give up. For welcome and thank the Sensei (Master) this way, saying Oss!

benefits of this discipline[change | edit source]

Karate is beneficial to maintain good physical and mental shape. First, this discipline allows us to maintain good muscle tone, good to succeed as it strikes takes strength. Flexibility is also an aspect that is developed as karate requires that one performs high kicks and jumps. In addition, better endurance cardiovascular is necessarily because in the fight, fighters always need a good breath.

Regarding the mental well-being, karate promotes greater self-esteem, because it is an individual sport and the people who progress at own pace, one learns to overcome. In fact, it is a physical activity, so it helps to release stress and feel less pressure. In addition, Karate improves concentration because as to make the basics of the sport, the fighter must be more attentive to his mind and his body. Have a good concentration is advantageous in many cases. Indeed when someone is hurting during a fight, with his concentration he can no longer feel pain. Also, the fighter has to watching in the eyes of the enemy and thinking about what he can do for destabilizing the opponent.

History[change | edit source]

In 1939, Funakoshi established the first Shotokan dojo.[2]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Japan Karate Association (JKA), "Message from Mr. Nakahara Nobuyuki... 'Established after World War II'"; retrieved 2012-11-9.
  2. JKA, "Supreme Master Funakoshi Gichin (1868-1957); excerpt,"Shoto was the literary first name he used when doing calligraphy and writing poetry. Shoto means “Pine Waves,” and refers to the sound of wind blowing through the pines"; retrieved 2012-11-9.

Other websites[change | edit source]