A lawyer (also called an "advocate", "attorney", "barrister", "counsel", "counsellor", or "solicitor") is someone who studied law and got a degree in that discipline and is licensed to practice law in an area. If people have a problem with law, or with someone else, they might go to a lawyer to get legal advice. If the case goes to court, the lawyer will then represent those people, either defending the person because someone else has started a legal case or arguing a case that the person has started. Lawyers also help people "settle out of court," which generally means to agree to a punishment in a criminal law case or a payment of money in a civil law case. When a person is accused of a crime, the person has a defense lawyer to try to show they have not committed a crime. The lawyer arguing that they did do the crime is called the prosecutor.
He or she might also help to prepare legal documents for those people (this is one of things real estate lawyers do), or give legally binding witness that some event took place (like the signing of a contract).
Lawyers work in different settings. Some work by themselves, while some work in big law firms. Some lawyers work for hospitals and private companies. Lawyers who work for private companies are usually called in-house counsel.
There are fees for the different services offered, unless the work is done for free, which is called pro bono.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lawyers|