Sputnik 1

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Sputnik 1
Sputnik 1.jpg
Organization: Soviet Union
Major contractors: OKB-1, Soviet Ministry of Radiotechnical Industry
Mission type: Atmospheric studies
Satellite of: Earth
Launch date: 19:28:34, October 4, 1957 (UTC) (1957-10-04T19:28:34Z) (22:28:34 MSK)
Decay: 4 January 1958
Mission duration: 3 months
NSSDC ID: 1957-001B
Webpage: NASA NSSDC Master Catalog
Mass: 83.6 kg (184.3 lb)
Semimajor axis: 6,955.2 km (4,321.8 mi)
Eccentricity: 0.05201
Inclination: 65.1°
Orbital period: 96.2 minutes
Apoapsis: 7,310 km (4,540 mi) from centre, 939 km (583 mi) from surface
Periapsis: 6,586 km (4,092 mi) from centre, 215 km (134 mi) from surface
Orbits: 1,440
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Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite to go around the Earth.[1] It was made by the Soviet Union.[1] It was launched on 4 October 1957 at Baikonur Cosmodrome.[1] It orbited (went around) the Earth for three months.[1] It carried a radio transmitter. It did 1,440 orbits of the Earth during this time. It went down into Earth's atmosphere on 4 January 1958 and burned up.[1]

The United States was very surprised when the Soviet Union sent Sputnik 1 into space. It did not want to fall behind. So, it began spending more money on science and education.[2] This was when the Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States began.

Etymology[change | change source]

The word Sputnik comes from the Russian Спутник, literally travelling companion. It is pronounced IPA: ['sput.nik] or IPA: ['sput.nık], not 'spʌt.nık.[1][3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Sputnik 1". NASA NSSDC. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1957-001B. Retrieved 2011-12-24.
  2. Calmes, Jackie (2010-12-06). "Obama Calls for New ‘Sputnik Moment’". The New York Times. http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/06/obama-calls-for-new-sputnik-moment. Retrieved 2011-12-24.
  3. Siddiqi, Asif A. (2003). Sputnik and the Soviet Space Challenge. Universityy of Florida Press. p. 155. ISBN 0-8130-2627-X .