Square metre

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The square metre (also spelled square meter, see spelling differences) is the SI derived unit of area, with symbol m²(33A1 in Unicode[1]). It is defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre. The square metre is derived from the SI base unit of the metre, which in turn is defined as the length of the path travelled by light in absolute vacuum during a time interval of 1299,792,458 of a second.

Adding SI prefixes creates multiples and submultiples; however, as the unit is squared, the order of magnitude difference between units doubles from their comparable linear units. For example, a kilometre is one thousand times the length of a metre, but a square kilometre is one million times the area of a square metre.

A square metre is not the same as a metre square[2], an area 2 metres wide by 5 metres long would be 10 metres squared. In contrast, a 10-metre square (10 metres by 10 metres) is actually 100 metres squared.

SI prefixes applied to the square metre[change | change source]

The square metre may be used with all SI prefixes used with the metre.

Multiple Name Symbol Multiple Name Symbol
100 square metre (centiare) 100 square metre (centiare)
102 square decametre (are) dam² 10−2 square decimetre dm²
104 square hectometre (hectare) hm² 10−4 square centimetre cm²
106 square kilometre km² 10−6 square millimetre mm²
1012 square megametre Mm² 10−12 square micrometre µm²
1018 square gigametre Gm² 10−18 square nanometre nm²
1024 square terametre Tm² 10−24 square picometre pm²
1030 square petametre Pm² 10−30 square femtometre fm²
1036 square exametre Em² 10−36 square attometre am²
1042 square zettametre Zm² 10−42 square zeptometre zm²
1048 square yottametre Ym² 10−48 square yoctometre ym²

Conversions[change | change source]

A square metre is equal to:

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]