Storm means violent weather, usually strong rain and wind. How and when do storms form? Storms happen when moist air near our surface is heated by sunlight. Like a bubble the air rises and forms little droplets of water, forming a puffy and white cumulus cloud. The heat energy causes a 60 mile an hour updraft and more moist air comes up. The cloud widens and flateens on the top and then the droplets get big and fall.
Hurricanes, typhoons, and tornadoes are, often, called storms too but they have special names because they are very, very strong. Storms are studied by scientists called meteorologists. The idea of shipping forecasts started with a concern to save ships from unexpected storms in the North Atlantic. A storm is associated with severe weather and may be marked by strong wind, thunder, lightning and heavy precipitation such as ice. Therefore, the knowledge of the weather condition is extremely important.
There are many varieties and names for storms: icestorm, blizzard, snowstorm, oceanstorm, firestorm, etc. The storms called thunderstorms develop in hot, humid tropical areas like India very frequently. The rising temperatures produce strong upward rising winds. These winds carry water droplets upwards, where they freeze, and fall down again. The swift movement of the falling water droplets along with the rising air create lighting and sound.
When lightning is far away,thunder sounds like growling and rumbling.When lightning is close by thunder sounds like cracking and feels like an earthquake is coming near you.
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