Submarine volcano

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Submarine volcanoes are volcanoes which are under the surface of the world's oceans. These volcanoes occur in a range of forms. Many create cone-shaped seamounts or flat-topped guyots.[1]

Superheated lava was photographed by a remotely-operated underwater robot at a depth of 4,000+ feet

Volcanoes in the ocean develop from cracks or holes in the earth's undersea surface.[2] Changes in the ocean floor are caused when magma flows or erupts from a site which is under water.

The presence of water alters the characteristics of a volcanic eruption.

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References[change | edit source]

  1. Encyclopedia Britannica, "Submarine volcano"; retrieved 2012-6-9.
  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), "Scientists Discover and Image Explosive Deep-Ocean Volcano," December 17, 2009; retrieved 2012-6-9.

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Media related to Submarine volcanoes at Wikimedia Commons