Tanganyika

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Republic of Tanganyika

1961–1964
Flag of the Republic of Tanganyika Coat of arms
Anthem
Mungu ibariki Afrika
The nation Tanzania consists of the mainland part, formerly called Tanganyika, and the islands of Zanzibar. Note that since 1996, the capital has been at Dodoma.
Capital Dar es Salaam
Language(s) Swahili
English
Government Republic
President
 - 1961–1964 Julius Nyerere
History
 - Independence 9 December 1961
 - Unification with Zanzibar 26 April 1964

Tanganyika is the mainland part of Tanzania. From 9 December 1961 to 26 April 1964 it was an independent state.

It was an East African territory lying between the Indian Ocean and the African Great Lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika. [1]

Once part of the larger colony of German East Africa (German: Deutsch-Ostafrika), it comprised today's Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania, but not Zanzibar.[2]

After World War I the parts that are today's Rwanda and Burundi became a League of Nations mandate governed by Belgium. The major part, however, came under British rule and was transferred to Britain under the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. This was confirmed by a League of Nations Mandate in 1922, later becoming a United Nations Trust Territory. Britain changed the name to the Tanganyika Territory.

On 9 December 1961 Tanganyika became independent as a Commonwealth Realm, and on 9 December 1962 it became the Republic of Tanganyika within the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1964, it joined with the islands of Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, later in the year changed to the United Republic of Tanzania.

Although Tanganyika still exists within Tanzania, the name is no longer used formally for the territory. It is, however, a convenient way to refer to the mainland, which is so different geographically and culturally from Zanzibar. The name Tanganyika is also used to refer to Lake Tanganyika.

References[change | change source]

  1. Kingfisher Geography encyclopedia. ISBN 1-85613-582-9. Page 206
  2. Farwell, Byron. 1989. The Great War in Africa, 1914–1918. New York: Norton. ISBN 0393305643