Thermal power plant

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A Thermal power plant is a power plant where steam is used to drive a steam turbine. This turbine is connected to an electrical generator. After this, the water is condensed, and may be used again. This is known as the Rankine cycle. There are different procedures that can be used to heat the water; this gives different types of thermal power plants:

Components of a Thermal Power Plant[change | change source]

1. Cooling tower

2. Cooling water pump
3. transmission line (3-phase)

4. Step-up transformer (3-phase)

5. Electrical generator (3-phase)

6. Low pressure steam turbine

7. Condensate pump

8. Surface condenser

9. Intermediate pressure steam turbine
10. Steam Control valve

11. High pressure steam turbine

12. Deaerator

13. Feedwater heater

14. Boiler steam drum
15. Superheater

16. Forced draught (draft) fan

17. Reheater
18. Combustion air intake

19. Induced draught (draft) fan

Main Disadvantage of Fossil Fuel Thermal Power Plant[change | change source]

Fossil fueled thermal power plants produce a large part of man-made CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, and efforts to reduce these are varied and widespread.