|Palace of Westminster on the River Thames|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Districts||City & 32 London boroughs|
|Settled by Romans||as Londinium ca. AD 50|
|• Regional authority||Greater London Authority|
|• Regional assembly||London Assembly|
|• Mayor||Boris Johnson|
|• HQ||City Hall|
| • UK Parliament
- London Assembly
- European Parliament
|• City||1.00 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|• Greater London||609 sq mi (1,580 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|Population (mid-2006 est)|
|• Urban||8.5 million
(Greater London Urban Area)
|• Metro||12–14 million|
|• City of London||9,200|
|• City of London Density||8,215/sq mi (3,172/km2)|
|• Greater London||7,512,400|
|• Greater London Density||12,331/sq mi (4,761/km2)|
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
London is a big city in the southeast of England, on the River Thames. It is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. 7.5 million people live in London. London is the biggest city in the United Kingdom and in western Europe. It is the world's largest financial centre.
For a long time, London was a small city and all its people lived inside the walls that were built by the Romans. This area is still called the City of London. Around the city, there were many villages. Gradually, as more and more people came to live there, the villages joined together into one huge city, which is now called "London" or Greater London.
Most people in London are British. However, London also has many migrants, who come from many different countries, speaking different languages and with different religions and cultures. There are also many people from different countries who stay in London on business. Many people visit London as tourists, to see the famous "Sights of London" which include palaces, churches and museums.
The Romans built a city called Londinium on the River Thames in AD 43. The name Londinium (and then 'London') came from the Celtic language of the Ancient Britons. In the year 61 AD, Queen Boudica (a British Celtic queen) and her army destroyed the city. Boudica killed herself when Romans trapped her and the Romans then rebuilt London. London became an important trading city. After the Romans left Britain, few people lived in the city for a long time because the Anglo-Saxons liked living in the countryside. In the 9th century, more people started living there again. It became the largest city in England, but it did not become the capital city of England until the 12th century.
Another famous old part of Greater London is Westminster, which was always a different city from the City of London. In Westminster is Westminster Abbey (a cathedral), The Palace of Westminster (the Houses of Parliament, with Big Ben), and 10 Downing Street (where the Prime Minister lives).
- 43 AD - Londinium is founded by the Romans
- 61 AD - Londinium is sacked by Queen Boudica and the Iceni
- 100 AD - Londinium becomes the capital of Roman Britain
- 200 AD - The population is about 60,00
- 8th century - London is captured by Vikings
- 885 - King Alfred the Great recaptures the city and makes peace with the Viking leader Guthrum.
- 1045-50 - Westminster Abbey is rebuilt by Edward the Confessor who is buried there in January 1066.
- 1066 - William the Conqueror is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
- 1100 - The population is about 16,000.
- 1300 - The population of London has risen to 100,000.
- 1381 - The Peasants' Revolt - the first poll tax riots
- 1605 - The Gunpowder Plot is stopped
- 1665 - The Great Plague of London
- 1666 - The Great Fire of London
- 1780 - The Gordon riots
- 1851 - The Great Exhibition held at the Crystal Palace
- 1908 - The Olympic Games take place in London.
- 1940-41 - London was bombed by Germany during World War II. This is known as The Blitz.
- 1948 - The Olympic Games take place in London for the second time.
- 1966 - The Football World Cup final took place in London. It was won by England.
- 1990 - The Second Poll Tax Riots
- 2000 - London opened the Millennium Dome to celebrate the new millennium.
- 2005 - 07/07 Bombings - 52 people die and over 700 people are injured.
- 2012 - The Summer Olympic Games take place in London for a third time.
- Big Ben
- Buckingham Palace
- Millennium Dome
- London Eye
- Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square
- Tower Bridge
- London Underground
London has twin and sister city agreements with these cities:
- Sister cities:
- "London, United Kingdom Forecast : Weather Underground (weather and elevation at Heathrow Airport)" (online). http://www.wunderground.com/global/stations/03772.html. Retrieved 2007-03-16.
- "Global Financial Centres 9". Z/Yen. 2011. http://www.zyen.com/GFCI/GFCI%209.pdf.
- ""World's Most Economically Powerful Cities".". Forbes. 15 July 2008. Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. http://www.forbes.com/2008/07/15/economic-growth-gdp-biz-cx_jz_0715powercities.html. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
- "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008". Mastercard. http://www.mastercard.com/us/company/en/insights/pdfs/2008/MCWW_WCoC-Report_2008.pdf.
- "Beijing, London to be sister cities". China Daily, 11 April 2006. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2006-04/11/content_565439.htm. Retrieved 2006-6-6.
- "Sister City - London". nyc.gov. http://www.nyc.gov/html/unccp/scp/html/sc/london_main.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide about: London|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Category:London|
|Greater London • London • City of London|
London Boroughs: Barking and Dagenham • Barnet • Bexley • Brent • Bromley • Camden • Croydon • Ealing • Enfield • Greenwich • Hackney • Hammersmith and Fulham • Haringey • Harrow • Havering • Hillingdon • Hounslow • Islington • Kensington and Chelsea • Kingston • Lambeth • Lewisham • Merton • Newham • Redbridge • Richmond • Southwark • Sutton • Tower Hamlets • Waltham Forest • Wandsworth • Westminster