Viridiplantae

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Viridiplantae
Green algae on coastal rocks in Taiwan
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
(unranked): Archaeplastida
Phylum: Viridiplantae

Viridiplantae ('green plants') are the clade which includes the green algae and land plants.[1][2][3][4][5]

In some classification systems they have been called Plantae, by expanding the traditional plant kingdom (Embryophytes) to include the green algae.

Adl and colleagues, who produced a classification for eukaryotes in 2005, used the name Chloroplastida for this group, reflecting the group having primary chloroplasts with green chlorophyll. They rejected the name Viridiplantae on the grounds that most of the species are not plants, as understood traditionally.[6]

The monophyletic Chlorophyta and Charophyceae are classified under Viridiplantae. So, a simple arrangement is:

'Green algae' is not used here because they are definitely not monophyletic. It is just a convenience term.

There are more than 350,000 species of Viridiplantae.[7][8][9]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Duvick J, Fu A, Muppirala U, et al. (January 2008). "PlantGDB: a resource for comparative plant genomics". Nucleic Acids Res. 36 (Database issue): D959–65. doi:10.1093/nar/gkm1041. PMC 2238959. PMID 18063570. http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=18063570.
  2. "www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=33090. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  3. Cocquyt E, Verbruggen H, Leliaert F, Zechman FW, Sabbe K, De Clerck O (2009). "Gain and loss of elongation factor genes in green algae". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 39. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-39. PMC 2652445. PMID 19216746. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/39.
  4. Becker B (2007). "Function and evolution of the vacuolar compartment in green algae and land plants (Viridiplantae)". Int. Rev. Cytol. 264: 1–24. doi:10.1016/S0074-7696(07)64001-7. PMID 17964920. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0074-7696(07)64001-7.
  5. Kim E, Graham LE (2008). "EEF2 analysis challenges the monophyly of Archaeplastida and Chromalveolata". PLoS ONE 3 (7): e2621. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002621. PMC 2440802. PMID 18612431. http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002621.
  6. Adl, Sina M.; et al. (2005), "The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists", Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 (5): 399, doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x, http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x
  7. Smith SA, Beaulieu JM, Donoghue MJ (2009). "Mega-phylogeny approach for comparative biology: an alternative to supertree and supermatrix approaches". BMC Evol. Biol. 9: 37. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-37. PMC 2645364. PMID 19210768. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/9/37.
  8. Odronitz F, Kollmar M (2007). "Drawing the tree of eukaryotic life based on the analysis of 2,269 manually annotated myosins from 328 species". Genome Biol. 8 (9): R196. doi:10.1186/gb-2007-8-9-r196. PMC 2375034. PMID 17877792. http://genomebiology.com/1465-6906/8/R196.
  9. Simon A, Glöckner G, Felder M, Melkonian M, Becker B (2006). "EST analysis of the scaly green flagellate Mesostigma viride (Streptophyta): implications for the evolution of green plants (Viridiplantae)". BMC Plant Biol. 6: 2. doi:10.1186/1471-2229-6-2. PMC 1413533. PMID 16476162. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2229/6/2.