Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland

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Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland
Spouse(s) Marjorie Bruce
Isabel de Graham
Father James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland
Mother Gilles de Burgh
Born 1292
Died 9 April 1327
Bathgate Castle

Walter Stewart (1292–1327) a Scottish nobleman and knight, he was the 6th hereditary[a] High Steward of Scotland.[b] He was also the father of King Robert II of Scotland.

Biography[change | edit source]

Walter was born in 1292.[2] He was the son of James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland and Gilles (or Egidia) de Burgh.[2] Walter was one of the Scottish leaders at the Battle of Bannockburn. Just before the battle began Walter along with his cousin James Douglas, Lord of Douglas were knighted by King Robert the Brucealong with many others. Both he and James Douglas were both leaders of the left battalion in the battle.[3] He took part of all the Wars of Scottish Independence between Robert the Bruce and Edward II of England.[4]

The king sent Walter to bring home his wife Queen Elizabeth and daughter princess Marjory from Berwick. They had been held prisoner by the English for eight years.[5] Walter then married the princess Marjory.[5]

During the king's absence in Ireland the High Steward and Sir James Douglas managed government affairs and spent time defending the Scottish Borders. Upon the capture of Berwick-upon-Tweed from the English in 1318 he was placed in command of the town. On 24 July 1319 the town was attacked by King Edward II of England. Several of the siege engines were destroyed by the Scots' garrison and the Steward suddenly rushed in force from the town to drive off the enemy. In 1322, with Douglas and Thomas Randolph, he made an attempt to surprise the English King at Byland Abbey, near Malton, Yorkshire. Edward, however, escaped, pursued towards York by The Steward and 500 horsemen.

Walter, Steward of Scotland, made a charter to John St. Clair, his valet, of the lands of Maxton, Roxburghshire, circa 1320/1326, one of the witnesses being "Roberto de Lauwedir (Robert de Lauder) tunc justiciario Laudonie" (Justiciar of Lothian).[6]

Family and issue[change | edit source]

Walter married, in 1315, Marjorie, only daughter of Robert I of Scotland by his first wife Isabella of Mar. The Lordship of Largs, taken from John Balliol, was given to Walter by Robert the Bruce, who also gave him the Farme Castle lands in Rutherglen as well as other lands and the barony of Bathgate, Linlithgowshire. Walter and Marjorie had one son:

Walter later married Isabel de Graham, daughter of Sir John Graham of Abercorn and Mary of Strathearn. They had three children:

  • John Stewart of Ralston
  • Andrew Stewart[7]
  • Egidia Stewart. She married first, James Lindsay of Crawford. She married second Hugh Eglinton of Ardrossan and third to James Douglas of Dalkeith.[7]

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. Hereditary meaning the title and job of High Steward of Scotland was passed down from father to son to grandson, and so on.
  2. The king of Scotland had several royal officers. The High Steward's main job was to protect the royal family.[1]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Joseph Haydn, The book of Dignities; containing rolls of the official personages of the British Empire (London: Longmans, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1851), p. 407
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. I, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904), pp. 13-14
  3. William Fraser, The Douglas Book, Vol. I (Edinburgh: 1885), p. 126
  4. The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. I, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904), p. 14
  5. 5.0 5.1 J. T. T. Brown, 'The Origin of the House of Stewart', The Scottish Historical Review, Vol. 24, No. 96 (Jul., 1927), p. 278
  6. Angus, William, editor, Miscellaneous Charters 1315-1401, in Miscellany of The Scottish History Society, vol.5, 1933, p.9.
  7. 7.0 7.1 The Scots Peerage, Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Vol. I, ed. James Balfour Paul (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904), p. 15

Further reading[change | edit source]

  • Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Bt., Scottish Kings, a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625, Edinburgh, 1899, pps: 126 - 144.
  • Weis, Frederick Lewis, et all, The Magna Charta Sureties 1215, 5th edition, Baltimore, 2002, p. 50.