Weapons of World War I
Major advances were made to weapon technology during World War I. Innovations were made in weaponry, grenades, poison gas, flame thrower, and artillery, along with the submarine, warplane and the tank. The machine gun was new and killed many people. It took four to six people to work one. They fired 400 to 600 bullets per minute. The machine guns got too hot and needed water on them. The first machine gun was made in 1884 by Hiram Maxim. It was used in battles in Africa, but not in Europe until 1914.
The German machine gun was the MG08. The British used the Vickers machine gun, which was very safe and easy to use. The machine guns changed how war went; and killed many soldiers. Because they sometimes got too hot, they could be slow. In case that the crew of the machine gun were shot, the whole squad were trained to fill their spot. As the war progressed machine guns got better, and were used in more defensive positions, making them the most deadly weapon on the battle field.
The normal British army rifle was the Lee Enfield 0.303. This was made in 1907 by James Lee. The Lee Enfield could fire twelve bullets per minute. The Germans used the Mauser rifle made in 1898 by Paul Mauser. This was an excellent rifle, but it only held five bullets.
References[change | change source]
- Tucker, Spencer C. (1998) The Great War: 1914-18. Bloomington: Indiana University Press; p. 11