Weston-on-Trent

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Weston-on-Trent is a village and parish in Derbyshire. It is to the north of the River Trent. At the 2004 census there were about 800 people in the village aged sixteen to seventy-four years.[1]

The Domesday Book: "Weston-on-Trent is spelt as Westune or Westone in the Domesday Book.[2] Weston is listed amongst the small proportion of manors that are owned directly by the king.
Doomsday Book - 1086 - English Counties - Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, Lincolnshire
In 1086, the book notes that

"In Weston-On-Trent" with its Berewicks Ælfgar, (Earl of Mercia) had ten carucates of land and two and a half bovates to the geld. There is land for as many ploughs. There are now three ploughs in demesne and twenty four villans and six bordars having twelve ploughs and for rent-paying tenants paying sixteen shillings. There are two churches and a priest and a mill rendering ten shillings and four pence and a fishpond and a ferry rendering thirteen shillings and four pence and fifty one acres of meadow and a pasture half a league long and three furlongs broad. Value sixteen pounds (TRE[3] eight pounds)"[4]

Note: Berewicks (outlying estates) of this manor, at that time, included Aston-on-Trent and Shardlow. Earlier evidence dated 1009 place Weston on Trent at the head of an estate which went as far as the Derwent and included not only Shardlow and Aston but also Wilne.[5]

In 1009 Æþelræd Unræd (King Ethelred the Unready) signed a document which agreed the size of Weston.[6] The document shows that Weston owned the crossings of the River Trent. These crossings were for one of the roads going up or down England. The land was at Weston upon Trent and at Morley, Smalley, Ingleby, Crich and Kidsley. This land was given to Morcar, the King's chief minister. Morcar could decide a person's life or death without the King.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Parish Profile - Work and qualifications
  2. Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.1422
  3. TRE in Latin is Tempore Regis Edwardi. This means in the time of King Edward before the Battle of Hastings.
  4. Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.743
  5. Weston on Trent in 2000 A.D - A Souvenir Weston Local History Society 2000
  6. 6.0 6.1 Charter of Æthelred, The Great Council, 1009, accessible at Derby records