|Introduced||January 1, 1985|
|TLD type||Generic top-level domain|
|Registry||Public Interest Registry (technical service by Afilias)|
|Sponsor||Not technically sponsored, but PIR is connected with the Internet Society|
|Intended use||Miscellaneous organizations not fitting in other categories (generally noncommercial)|
|Actual use||Nonprofits; personal sites; open-source projects; some government websites; mostly used by non-commercial entities|
|Structure||Registrations at second level permitted|
|Documents||RFC 920; RFC 1591; ICANN registry agreement|
|Registry website||Public Interest Registry|
The domain name org is a generic top-level domain (gTLD) of the Domain Name System (DNS) used in the Internet. The name is truncated from organization. It was one of the original domains established in 1985, and has been operated by the Public Interest Registry since 2003. The domain was originally intended for non-profit entities, but this restriction was removed in August 2019.
In November 2019, the Public Interest Registry (PIR) was to be sold by the Internet Society to shell company Ethos Capital for US$1.135 billion.  However, this move was criticized by non-profits and various digital rights groups on concerns that Ethos Capital, a private equity firm, would raise fees or censor the domain. The sale was blocked by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) in April 2020 on the basis that transfer of control of the domain to the private equity firm would create "unacceptable uncertainty" for non-profits that relied on the org domain.
References[change | change source]
- "Ethos paid $1.135 billion for .Org: Internet Society reveals the price it is selling out for". 2019-11-29. Retrieved 2020-01-17.
- "The Internet Society & Public Interest Registry: A New Era of Opportunity" (in en-US). Press release. 2019-11-13. https://thenew.org/the-internet-society-public-interest-registry-a-new-era-of-opportunity/. Retrieved 2019-11-23.
- Robertson, Adi (April 30, 2020). "ICANN votes down controversial .org sale proposal". The Verge. Retrieved April 30, 2020.