1888 Toronto municipal election

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Municipal elections were held in Toronto, Canada, on January 2, 1888. Edward Frederick Clarke, a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, defeated Alderman Elias Rogers, owner of a well-known coal and home heating company,[1][2] and Daniel Defoe, a lawyer and former alderman.[3] Rogers, a Quaker, was seen as the "temperance [anti-alcohol] candidate for mayor" while Clarke was favoured by tavern and liquor store owners and anti-temperance voters.[4] Clarke's victory, along with the defeat of two liquor bylaws being proposed by referendum (popular vote), were seen as a victory for anti-temperance views.[5]

Toronto mayor[change | change source]

Results
Edward Frederick Clarke - 7,951
Elias Rogers - 7,050
Daniel Defoe - 2,019

References:[6]

Referendum[change | change source]

Votes were held on three planned by-laws, one to approve spending for a "trunk sewer", a second by-law to reduce the number of taverns licensed to serve liquor from 150 to 100, and a third to reduce the number of shops licensed to sell liquor from 50 to 20. All three by-laws were defeated.

Trunk sewer by-law
For - 2,825
Against - 3,737
Tavern license by-law
For - 7,371
Against - 8,187
Shop license by-law
For - 7,743
Against - 8,146

References:[7][8]

Aldermen elected to city council[change | change source]

St. Andrew's Ward
E. King Dodds (incumbent) - 837
William Carlyle (incumbent) - 822
Thomas Pells - 769
William Burns - 699
J. D. Henderson - 633
James Bond - 519 
St. David's Ward
John C. Swait (incumbent) - 1,255
William H. Gibbs - 1,179
Robert J. Fleming (incumbent) - 1,019
J. G. Gibson - 940
Wickett (incumbent) -  770
St. George's Ward
George E. Gillespie (incumbent) - acclaimed
John Maugham (incumbent) - acclaimed
George Verral (incumbent) - acclaimed 
St. James' Ward
Alfred McDougall  - 1,165
James B. Boustead (incumbent) - 1,017 
John McMillan (incumbent) - 1,053
Wallace Millichamp (incumbent) - 774
St. John's Ward
H. L. Piper (incumbent) - 1,025
Irwin (incumbent) - 814
A. H. Gilbert - 679
Frank Moses - 642
R. J. Score - 622
James Thomson - 572 
St. Lawrence Ward
Garrett F. Frankland (incumbent) - 733
John Hallam - 634
Morrison (incumbent) - 616
Charles Small - 561
Thomas Thompson - 399
St. Mark's Ward
John Ritchie  (incumbent) - 456
Michael J. Woods (incumbent) - 401
Charles Frederick Denison (incumbent) - 410
David D. Christie - 286
James Roney - 245
Robert Brown - 95
St. Matthew's Ward
Jones  (incumbent) - 371
Francis E. Galbraith - 308
Peter Macdonald - 295
Ernest A. Macdonald (incumbent) - 247
Ingham (incumbent) - 182:Thomas Foster - 29
St. Patrick's Ward
John Baxter (incumbent) - 1,966
Harvie (incumbent) - 1,467
George J. St. Leger (incumbent) - 1,214
Isaac Wardell - 1,187
St. Paul's Ward
W. J. Hill (incumbent) - acclamation
William Roaf - (incumbent) acclamation
John Shaw (incumbent) -  acclamation
St. Stephen's Ward 
Johnston  (incumbent) - 1,178
William Bell - 1,079
Barton  (incumbent) - 1,001
Robert H. Graham (incumbent) - 926
R. W. Prittie - 477
St. Thomas' Ward 
William Carlyle (incumbent) - 892
Edward Hewitt  - 691
Drayton (incumbent) - 655
Galley (incumbent) - 632 
William Park - 375 

References:[7][8][9]

References[change | change source]

  1. ROGERS LEAVES HALF MILLION: Coal Merchant's Will is Filed for Probate by ExecutorsThe Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 21 June 1920: 8.
  2. DEATH SUMMONS ELiAS ROGERS, COAL MERCHANT: Dies at His Home in Deer Park After a Brief Illness BORN IN YORK COUNTY Founded Here the Company Bearing His Name--Head of Crow's Nest Pass Co, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 12 Apr 1920: 5.
  3. MR. DANIEL DEFOE DEAD: CHAIRMAN OF COURT OF REVISION CALLED SUDDENLY Was Alderman in Toronto for Several Years, and Candidate for Mayoralty--Member or Court of Revision Since 1897, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 07 Apr 1910: 8.
  4. MAYORALTY AND LIQUOR: THE LICENSED VICTUALLERS INTER VIEWED ON THE ELECTION How They Regard the Candidates-- Those Who Have Made Up Their Hinds Almost Unanimous in Favor of ClarkeThe Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 29 Nov 1887: 4.
  5. THE ELECTIONS, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 03 Jan 1888: 4.
  6. "Chosen of the People: Edward F. Clarke Gets the Coveted Third Term". Toronto World. January 7, 1890. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  7. 7.0 7.1 THE ELECTIONS, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 03 Jan 1888: 4.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "E.F. CLARKE THE CHOSEN". Toronto World. January 3, 1888. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  9. MUNICIPAL NOMINATIONS: THE THREE MAYORALTY CANDIDATES FORMALLY NOMINATED ALD. DEFOE'S SPEECH THREE MILLIONS OF DOLLARS A YEAR THE PRESENT SOLUTION A VOTE THROWS AWAY ALD. ROGERS' SPEECHThe Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]. 27 Dec 1887: 4.