Abacá (// ah-bə-KAH; Filipino: Abaka [ɐbɐˈka]), binomial name Musa textilis, is a type of banana. It is native to the Philippines. It is grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica. The plant, also known as Manila hemp. It is very important to the economy. It is harvested for its fiber, also called Manila hemp, extracted from the leaf-stems.
The plant grows to 13–22 feet (4.0–6.7 m), and averages about 12 feet (3.7 m). The fiber was originally used for making twines and ropes. It is used in a variety of paper products including tea bags, filter paper and banknotes.
References[change | change source]
- Agricultural Research Services Botanists 1995 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFAgricultural_Research_Services_Botanists1995 (help)
- "Musa textilis Née — The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Archived from the original on 2017-08-05. Retrieved 2021-04-22.
- "(research) Plant Molecular Biology and Plant Virology « National Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology". 2013-12-03. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2021-04-22.