Afrotheria

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Afrotheria
Temporal range: Palaeocene - Recent
1.Orycteropus afer 2.Dugong dugon 3.Rhynchocyon petersi 4.Trichechus sp. 5.Chrysochloridae sp. 6.Procavia capensis 7.Loxodonta africana 8.Tenrec ecaudatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Afrotheria
Stanhope et al., 1998
Orders

See Below

Afrotheria is a group of mammals (a superorder or cohort), containing the golden moles, elephant shrews, tenrecs, aardvarks, hyraxes, elephants and manatees. Scientists made this group based on DNA analyses. Experiments in the 1990s have named Afrotheria as one of four major groups in the group Eutheria (containing placental mammals). Afrotheria means "African animals", "afro" for Africa and "theria" for animals. Many animals in the group seem to be at a high risk of extinction. If the scientists are correct in grouping the animals in afrotheria together, this would be a huge loss of different animals in the same group.

Some scientists do not agree with grouping the animals in afrotheria together.

Organization[change | edit source]

Afrotheria is a division of the infraclass Eutheria or Placentalia and groups together six living orders of mammals:

Eutheria  

Afrotheria


  Exafroplacentalia  

Xenarthra


  Boreoeutheria  
   

Laurasiatheria


   

Euarchontoglires





References[change | edit source]

  1. Seiffert (2007) provides an overview of possible resolutions to the polytomy of Afrosoricida, Macroscelidea, Tubulidentata, and Paenungulata. There is currently no broadly supported consensus on this aspect of afrotherian phylogeny.