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The Mask of Agamemnon which was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876 at Mycenae. It is now believed to pre-date the legendary Trojan War

Agamemnon was King of Mycenae, a figure in Greek mythology, and possible an actual person. He lead the Mycenaean Greeks who took part in the Trojan War (Siege of Troy).

Agamemnon was the son of King Atreus of Mycenae and Aerope. He was the brother of Menelaos. His wife was Klytaimnestra, and their children were Iphigenia, Elektra, Orestes and Chrysothemis.

After the Trojan War he took Troy's Kassandra as a slave. She warned him that his wife Klytaimnestra would kill him, but he would not believe her. At home, Agamemnon was killed by Klytaimnestra and her lover Aegisthus. The story featured in Homer's Odyssey (3.266).