Ageusia is the loss of taste functions of the tongue, particularly the inability to detect sweetness, sourness, bitterness, saltiness, and umami (meaning "pleasant/savory taste"). It is sometimes confused with anosmia – a loss of the sense of smell. Because the tongue can only feel texture and differentiate between sweet, sour, bitter, salty, and umami, most of what we think of as the sense of taste actually comes from smell. Ageusia is a lot rarer than hypogeusia – a partial loss of taste – and dysgeusia – a distortion or change of taste.
Causes[change | change source]
The main causes of taste disorders are head trauma, infections of upper respiratory tract , exposure to toxic substances, causes relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment, medicines, glossodynia ("burning mouth syndrome (BMS)") and COVID-19.
Diagnosis[change | change source]
Aguesia is diagnosed by an otolaryngologist, who can look at a patient's loss of taste. To do this, a specialist will look into any other factors that could be causing the loss of taste, such as examining the head, nose, ears, and mouth. An otolaryngologist can also do of tests to assess the how bad the loss of taste is, which includes seeing specific tastes that a person can sense or recognize. 
References[change | change source]
- "Taste Disorders". Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- Hummel T, Landis BN, Hüttenbrink KB (2011). "Smell and taste disorders". GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery. 10: Doc04. doi:10.3205/cto000077. PMC 3341581. PMID 22558054.
- Al-Ani RM, Acharya D (August 2020). "Prevalence of Anosmia and Ageusia in Patients with COVID-19 at a Primary Health Center, Doha, Qatar". Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery: 1–7. doi:10.1007/s12070-020-02064-9. PMC 7435125. PMID 32837952.
- "Ageusia: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment". Netmeds. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
- "Taste Disorders: Get Facts About Causes, Treatment & Symptoms". MedicineNet. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
See also[change | change source]
- MedTerms Online Medical Dictionary. "Ageusia". Retrieved April 15, 2005.
- Family Practice Notebook. "Taste Sensation". Retrieved April 15, 2005.
- Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. "Taste Disorders". Retrieved May 26, 2010.