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Akbuzat is a Bashkir folk epic. The main character of the epic is the winged horse Akbuzat. The epic Akbuzat is included in the cycle of fairy tales about the Ural Batyr.[1]

Description[change | change source]

In 1910, the epic was recorded by Mukhametsha Burangulov from Gabit-sesen. In 1917, he also recorded the second version of the epic from another teller.

The epic tells about the structure of the world. This is how people used to imagine the structure of the Earth and space. The epic consists of their prose and poems. The teller tells the prose, and sings the poem. This is such a kind of performance of the epic.

There are many motives, episodes, images in the epic that connect it with the epic "Ural Batyr". In both epics, events take place on the territory of the Ural Mountains.

Story[change | change source]

The story is based on the real world. The plot is based on the real world and the dream of a happy future. This epic is a heroic genre. The main theme is the battle for the happiness of people and for right. The character of the epic is Khauban. Khauban in the underwater kingdom is looking for a stolen horse with wings Akbuzat and a diamond sword. He kills the Azhdakha and destroys the underwater kingdom. He frees the winged horse Akbuzat from slavery. The children of the Akbuzat horse still serve people.[2] He breaks the owner of the lake into small pieces with a sword. These pieces turn into snakes, frogs and bats. Khauban releases seven people from captivity. They are the founders of the Bashkir clans.

In modern culture[change | change source]

Based on the epic, two operas were staged. The 'Steppe' opera in 1931 and the 'Magic Horse' opera in 1942.<refAKBUZAT, opera></ref>[3] A children's magazine 'Akbuzat' is published in Bashkortostan.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Folklore of Bashkortostan People: Encyclopedia. Scientific. Collegium: F. A. Nadrshina (chap. Ed.), S. I. Apsatarova, L. A. Afanasyeva, V. Ya. Babenko, F. G. Galieva, M. Kh. Idelbaev, I.E. Karpukhin, T. G. Minnihmetova, I. G. Petrov, R. R. Sadikov, U. G. Saitov (ed.), R. A. Sultangareeva, I.K. Fazlutdinov, G. R. Khusainova;. - Per. in English. Yaz.: LLC "Center for Intercultural Cooperation". -Ufa: "Bashkir Encyclopedia", 2020. ISBN 978-5-88185-474-4
  2. "Отражение традиций создания семьи в древних башкирских эпосах". Archived from the original on 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
  3. opera by Kh.Sh.Zaimov
  4. The regional encyclopedic portal "Bashkortostan" (ru)