Anti-Shi'ism (pronounced: Anti, She, ism) or Shiaphobia is the prejudice against or hatred of Shia Muslims. Shia Muslims make up somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of Muslims worldwide. Sunni Islam and Shia Islam split because the two groups have different beliefs about the type of person that could become a caliph, a top leader of Muslim peoples. Shias believed the leader should be related to the Prophet Muhammad. Sunnis believed the leader should be chosen for his ability to lead the community.
The two groups have lived together peacefully for centuries. Shia and Sunni have not only lived together they have intermarried in many cases. But modern politics and recent events have sparked new fighting between the two groups. Modern Anti-Shi'ism violence is just a part of the overall conflict. It is one result of the collapse of authoritarian rule in the region.
References[change | change source]
- "Anti-Shi'ism". Shia Rights Watch. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Kedourie, Elie (April 1988). "Anti-Shi'ism in Iraq under the Monarchy". Middle Eastern Studies. 24 (2): 249–253. doi:10.1080/00263208808700740.
- Alan Williams (19 August 2014). "Word of the week: Anti-Shi'ism". Communities Digital News LLC. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Mike Schuster (12 February 2007). "The Origins Of The Shiite-Sunni Split". NPR. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Peter Beaumont (8 June 2013). "Conflict in the Middle East is about more than just religion". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Alyssa Fetini (16 September 2009). "Understanding the Sunni-Shi'ite Divide". Time Inc. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- Nasr, Vali 2006. The Shia revival: how conflicts within Islam will shape the future. W.W. Norton, pp. 52-53. ISBN 978-0-393-06211-3