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Arawanna,Ara-Wanna(I҆rwnt). The Hittite-Luwian city-state and historical region of the same name in the south-west of the Armenian Highlands(near modern town of Elbistan, Ablasta in Armenian: Աբլաստա), which existed in the Bronze Age and was mentioned by king Mursili II in his annals, where he writes that when Šuppiluliuma I was king of the Hittites, the Aravanians invaded the land of Kaskians near «Sammahi». Some translators believe that this may be a Late-Hittite pronunciation of «Samuha», comparing Šuppiluliuma of the mid-14th century BC, who managed to subdue Arawanna and other city-states, which had rebelled against his father, with king Šuppiluliuma of the late 13th century BC. However, in other places of the annals Arawanna and Cascia are not connected with Samuha. King Mursili himself in the fifth year of his reign - c. 1317 BC - moved to the city of Zulila in the vicinity of Sammahi to save the Cascians from invasions near Samuha.[1]

Arawanna took part in the coalition of states that rebelled against the Hittite king Tudhaliya III and were supported by the king of Mitanni Shuttarna II.[2][3]

Arawanna(I҆rwnt) at the Battle of Kadesh[change | change source]

Arawanna(I҆rwnt) was one of the allies states who fought on the side of the Hittite empire against Egypt at the Battle of Kadesh[4] [5] [6] [7]

Succession of Arawanna[change | change source]

Arawanna(I҆rwnt) was a homeland and personal land domain of the first historically known Armenian royal dynasty Eruandid(Yervanduni,Orontid dynasty).

External image
Land possessions of Yerwanduni in Armenian Empire of Tigranes II the Great

References[change | change source]

  1. Younger, K. Lawson (1990). Ancient Conquest Accounts: A Study in Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical History Writing. A&C Black. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-85075-252-3.
  2. Garstang, John; Gurney, Oliver Robert (1959). The Geography of the Hittite Empire. British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-912090-86-0.
  3. Lipinski, Edward; Lerberghe, Karel van (1995). Immigration and Emigration Within the Ancient Near East: Festschrift E. Lipinski. Peeters Publishers. p. 140. ISBN 978-90-6831-727-5.
  4. Goetze, A., "The Hittites and Syria (1300–1200 B.C.)", in Cambridge Ancient History (1975) p. 253
  5. Gardiner, Alan, The Kadesh Inscriptions of Ramesses II (1975) pp. 57ff.
  6. Breasted, James Henry, Ancient Records of Egypt; Historical Records (1906) pp. 125ff.
  7. Lichtheim, Mirian, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol. 2: The New Kingdom (1978) pp. 57ff.