Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

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Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia

Կիլիկիոյ Հայոց Թագաւորութիւն
Flag of Cilicia
Coat of arms of Cilicia
Coat of arms
Cilician Armenia-en.svg
CapitalTarsus (first capital), Sis
Common languagesArmenian (native language), Latin, Old French
Armenian Apostolic Church
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Leo I of Armenia becomes the first King of Armenian Cilicia.
January 6 1198
• tributary to the Mongols
• Sis is conquered by the Mamluks, putting an end to the kingdom.
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Seljuq Armenia
Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of Armenia (Middle Ages)
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Although the kingdom was established on 1198, its foundations were laid in 1080 by Ruben I when the Rubenid principality of Cilicia was founded.

The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was a state formed in the Middle Ages by Armenian refugees fleeing the Seljuk invasion of Armenia. It was near the Mediterranean Sea in what is today southern Turkey. The country was independent from around 1078 to 1375.

Crusades[change | change source]

The Armenians were the most important of the Crusaders' allies, from the local troops recruited in the Crusader States.[1] Many Armenian mercenaries became available in the early 12th century.

Thoros II was a powerful Armenian prince who offered the transfer of 30,000 Armenian warriors with their families to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The king and barons were interested.[2]

King Thoros of Armenia proposed that King Amalric of Jerusalem evict the Saracen peasants of his realm and replace them with 30,000 trustworthy Armenian warriors, who would come with their families to populate and defend the country.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. The Crusades – Page 20 by Dr David Nicolle
  2. Comparative Studies in Society and History – Page 417 by Society for the Comparative Study of Society and History
  3. The Crusades: The Essential Readings – Page 244 by Thomas F. Madden

Other websites[change | change source]