Azure kingfisher

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Azure kingfisher
A. a. ruficollaris
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Alcedininae
Genus: Ceyx
C. azureus
Binomial name
Ceyx azureus
Latham, 1801
  • C. a. azureus Latham, 1801
    Eastern and southeastern Australian population
  • C. a. ruficollaris (Bankier, 1841)
    Northern Australian population
  • C. a. diemenensis (Gould, 1846)
    Tasmanian population
  • C. a. lessonii (Cassin, 1850)
    Southern New Guinea population
  • C. a. affinis (G.R. Gray, 1860)
    North Maluku population
  • C. a. yamdenae (Rothschild, 1901)
    South Banda Sea population
  • C. a. ochrogaster (Reichenow, 1903)
    Northern New Guinea population

Alcedo azurea

The azure kingfisher (Alcedo azurea) is a small kingfisher (17–19 centimetres, 6.7–7.5 inches), in the river kingfisher family, Alcedinidae. It lives in parts of Australia and Tasmania, as well as New Guinea and some nearby islands. Even out to North Maluku and Romang.

It is named for the azure color on its back. Its feet are red with only two front toes. White spots between the eyes and beak may help it scare predators. The azure kingfisher lives at the side of bodies of water such as creeks, lakes, swamps, tidal estuaries and mangroves. It can dive quickly from a perch above water. It feeds on freshwater crayfish and small fish. It builds its nest in a chamber up to 1 meter long in a creek bank. 5–7 white, round eggs. Its call is a high-pitched, 'pseet-pseet'.

References[change | change source]

  1. BirdLife International (2016). "Ceyx azureus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22683045A92975058.en. Retrieved 2020-06-15.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Morcombe, Michael K. (2000): Field Guide to Australian Birds. Steve Parish Publishing, Archerfield, Australia. ISBN 1-876282-10-X
  • Slater, Peter; Slater, Pat & Slater, Raoul (1989): The Slater Field Guide to Australian Birds (Revised Edition). Weldon, Sydney, Chicago. ISBN 0-947116-99-0
  • Pizzey, Graham (1980): A field guide to the birds of Australia. Collins, Sydney. ISBN 0-00-219201-2
  • Schodde R. & Mason I.J. (1976): Infra-specific variation in Alcedo azurea Latham (Alcedinidae). Emu 76(1): 161–166. doi:10.1071/MU9760161 (HTML abstract)
  • Woodall, Peter: (2001): 77. Azure Kingfisher. In: del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew & Sargatal, Jordi (editors): Handbook of Birds of the World, Volume 6 (Mousebirds to Hornbills): 237, plate 19. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-30-X

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Alcedo azurea at Wikimedia Commons
Data related to Alcedo azurea at Wikispecies