BR Standard Class 8

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BR Standard Class 8
Hugh llewelyn 71000 (5363551073).jpg
No.71000 "Duke of Gloucester" hammering across the Somerset Levels on the Torbay Express
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Robert Riddles
Builder BR Crewe Works
Build date April 1954
Total produced 1
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte 4-6-2 (Pacific)
 • UIC 2′C1′h3
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading dia. 3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Driver dia. 6 ft 2 in (1.880 m)
Trailing dia. 3 ft 3 12 in (1.003 m)
Length 67 ft 8 in (20.62 m)
Width 9 ft 0 in (2.74 m)
Height 13 ft 0 12 in (3.98 m)
Axle load 22.00 long tons (24.64 short tons; 22.35 t)
Adhesive weight 66.00 long tons (73.92 short tons; 67.06 t)
Loco weight 101.25 long tons (113.40 short tons; 102.87 t)
Tender weight BR1E: 55.50 long tons (62.16 short tons; 56.39 t)
BR1J: 53.70 long tons (60.14 short tons; 54.56 t)
Tender type 1954–1958: BR1E
1958–1962: BR1J
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 10 long tons (11 short tons; 10 t)
Water cap BR1E: 4,725 imp gal (21,480 l; 5,674 US gal)
BR1J: 4,325 imp gal (19,660 l; 5,194 US gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
48.6 sq ft (4.52 m2)
Boiler BR13
Boiler pressure 250 psi (1.72 MPa)
Heating surface:
 • Tubes and flues
2,264 sq ft (210.3 m2)
 • Firebox 226 sq ft (21.0 m2)
Superheater:
 • Heating area 677 sq ft (62.9 m2)
Cylinders Three
Cylinder size 18 in × 28 in (457 mm × 711 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 39,080 lbf (173.84 kN)
Factor of adh. 3.78
Career
Operators British Railways
Power class 8P
Numbers 71000
Locale London Midland Region
Withdrawn December 1962
Disposition Preserved

The BR Standard Class 8 was a class of 4-6-2 Pacific steam locomotive made by Robert Riddles for use by British Railways. Only an example was made. It was named Duke of Gloucester. It was made at Crewe Works in 1954. It is known as the Duke. It was a replacement for the destroyed Princess Royal Class vehicle number 46202 Princess Anne. It was involved in the Harrow and Wealdstone rail disaster of 1952.

Gallery[change | change source]

Sound[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  • 'British Railways standard 3 cylinder 4-6-2 express passenger steam locomotive No. 71000' (HMSO, British Transport Commission: London, 1957), p. [58] (Performance and efficiency tests, Bulletin No. 15)
  • 'British Railways standard class "8" locomotives' (Engineer: 1954, 197, 81)
  • 'B.R. class 8 4-6-2 locomotive No. 71000' (Locomotive, Railway Carriage and Wagon Review: 1954, 60)
  • 'British Railways prototype class '8" express passenger locomotive' (Railway Magazine: 1954, 100)
  • Clarke, David: Riddles Class 6/7 Standard Pacifics (Locomotives in Detail volume 5) (Ian Allan: Hinckley, 2006) ISBN 0711031770
  • Herring, Peter: Classic British Steam Locomotives (Abbeydale Press: London, 2000) Section "BR Standard Class 8" ISBN 1861470576
  • Hopkins, Danny and Streeter, Tony: 'The Duke's Bad Day' (Steam Railway Magazine: 2007, 338)
  • Langston, Keith: Made in Crewe: 150 Years of Engineering Excellence (Mortons Media: Horncastle, 2006), ISBN 0955286808
  • Nock, O.S.: 'Performance and efficiency tests on B.R. class 8 locomotive' (Engineer: 1957, 204)

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Gilbert, Dr. P. T. (Ed.): A Detailed History Of BR Standard Steam Locomotives. Volume 1. Background to Standardisation and Pacific Classes (Railway Correspondence & Travel Society (RCTS): 1994) ISBN 0-901115-81-9

Other websites[change | change source]