Bachir Gemayel

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Bachir Gemayel
بشير الجميّل
7th President of Lebanon
In role
23 August 1982 – 14 September 1982
Prime MinisterShafik Wazzan
Preceded byÉlias Sarkis
Succeeded byAmine Gemayel
Commander of the Lebanese Forces
In office
Succeeded byFadi Frem
Personal details
Born(1947-11-10)10 November 1947
Achrafieh, Beirut, Lebanon
Died14 September 1982(1982-09-14) (aged 34)
Achrafieh, Beirut, Lebanon
Political partyKataeb Party
Solange Tutunji
(m. 1977; his death 1982)
RelationsAmine Gemayel (brother)
ChildrenMaya Gemayel (1978–1980)
Youmna Gemayel
Nadim Gemayel
ParentsPierre Gemayel
Geneviève Gemayel
EducationSaint Joseph University

Bachir Pierre Gemayel (Arabic: بشير بيار الجميّل Arabic pronunciation: [baˈʃiːr ʤɪ'ma.jjɪl]; 10 November 1947 – 14 September 1982) was the leader of the Lebanese Forces during the Lebanese Civil War and the elected President of the Republic in 1982.

Gemayel joined the Kataeb Party, founded by his father, Pierre Gemayel. He took command of the military wing at the beginning of the civil war against the national movement and the Palestine Liberation Organization.

He received political and military support from Israel. His forces participated in the massacres of Black Saturday, the Karantina massacre, and the Tel al-Zaatar massacre, in which hundreds of Palestinian and Lebanese civilians were killed. He also led the Battle of Zahle and the Hundred Days of War against the Syrian Army.

He was elected president on 23 August 1982, but he was assassinated before taking office on 14 September, by a bomb explosion by Habib Shartouni, a member of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Phalangists identify bomber of Gemayel as Lebanese leftist". The New York Times. Reuters. 10 March 1982.

Political offices
Preceded by
Élias Sarkis
President of Lebanon

Succeeded by
Amine Gemayel