Paektu Mountain

Coordinates: 42°00′20″N 128°03′19″E / 42.00556°N 128.05528°E / 42.00556; 128.05528
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(Redirected from Baekdu Mountain)
Paektu/Baekdu/Changbai Mountain
Paektu/Baekdu/Changbai Mountain volcano, April 2003
Highest point
Elevation2,744 metres (9,003 ft)
Prominence2,593 m (8,507 ft) Edit this on Wikidata
Coordinates42°00′20″N 128°03′19″E / 42.00556°N 128.05528°E / 42.00556; 128.05528
LocationRyanggang, (North Korea)
Jilin, (China)
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption1903[1]

Paektu Mountain (also called Baekdu Mountain) or Changbai Mountain is a volcano on the border between North Korea and China.[2] This mountain is 54.5% in North Korean territory, 45.5% in China. The Korean name is Paektu-san or Baekdu-san, which means "white head mountain". The Chinese name is Changbai-shan, which means "snow that piles up on the large mountain".

Paektu has a large caldera (crater lake). It is called Heaven Lake. Koreans call it "Cheon-ji" lake, Chinese call it "Tiandi" lake. It is 2,744 metres above sea level and is the highest mountain of all Korea. The Beijing Olympic torch was lit on Paektu/Changbai Mountain. Heaven Lake is a caldera made by a gigantic volcanic eruption in 969 AD (± 20 years) which had a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 7.[3][4] The 969 eruption, which is called the "Millennium" or "Tianchi" eruption, was one of the most violent eruptions in the last 5,000 years, comparable to the 180 AD "Hatepe eruption" of Lake Taupo and the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Smithsonian Institution Global Volcanism Program: Baitoushan
  2. Baekdu Mountain (白頭山)/Changbai Mountain(长白山)
  3. Horn, Susanne; Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2000). "Volatile emission during the eruption of Baitoushan Volcano (China/North Korea) ca. 969 AD". Bulletin of Volcanology. 61 (8): 537–555. doi:10.1007/s004450050004. S2CID 129624918.
  4. "Global Volcanism Program | Changbaishan". Smithsonian Institution | Global Volcanism Program. Retrieved 2023-02-06.
  5. Pan, Bo; Xu, Jiandong (2013). "Climatic impact of the Millennium eruption of Changbaishan volcano in China: New insights from high-precision radiocarbon wiggle-match dating" (PDF). Geophysical Research Letters. 40 (1): 54–59. Bibcode:2013GeoRL..40...54X. doi:10.1029/2012GL054246.