Balfour Declaration of 1917

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The Balfour Declaration of 1917 was a policy by the government of the United Kingdom to discuss the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I. The declaration also said that Britain supported plans for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The issuance of the Declaration had many long lasting consequences, and was a key moment in the lead-up to the Arab–Israeli conflict, often referred to as the world's "most intractable conflict".

The Balfour Declaration was a letter from British government minister Arthur Balfour to Jewish leader Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, dated 2 November 1917.